Using clonal insulin-secreting BRIN-BD11 cells, we have assessed whether the graded response of the whole cell population to glucose can be accounted for by a dose-dependent recruitment of individual cells, an amplification of the response of the recruited cells or both. Cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) is an established index of beta-cell function. We used fura-2 microfluorescence techniques to assess the [Ca2+](i) responsiveness of single BRIN-BD11 cells to glucose and other secretagogues. Glucose (1-16.7 mM) evoked oscillatory [Ca2+](i) rises in these cells resembling those found in parental rat pancreatic beta-cells. The percentage of glucose-responsive cells was 11% at 1 mM and increased to 40-70% at 3-16.7 mM glucose, as assessed by a single-stimulation protocol. This profile was unrelated to possible differences in the cell cycle, as inferred from experiments where the cultured cells were synchronized by a double thymidine block protocol. Individual cells exhibited variable sensitivities to glucose (threshold range: 1-5 mM) and a variable dose-dependent amplification of the [Ca2+](i) responses (EC50 range: 2-10 mM), as assessed by a multiple-stimulation protocol. Glyceraldehyde and alpha-ketoisocaproic acid had glucose-like effects on [Ca2+](i). The data support a mixed model for the activation of insulin-secreting cells. Specifically, the graded secretory response of the whole cell population is likely to reflect both a recruitment of individual cells with different sensitivities to glucose and a dose-dependent amplification of the response of the recruited cells, (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Journal||International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology|
|Publication status||Published (in print/issue) - May 2000|