Glucagon-like peptides-1 from phylogenetically ancient fish show potent anti-diabetic activities by acting as dual GLP1R and GCGR agonists

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Abstract

Glucagon-like peptides-1 (GLP-1)from phylogenetically ancient fish (lamprey, dogfish, ratfish, paddlefish and bowfin) and from a teleost, the rainbow trout produced concentration-dependent stimulations of insulin release from clonal β-cells and isolated mouse islets. Lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 were the most potent and effective. Incubation of BRIN-BD11 cells with GLP-1 receptor (GLP1R) antagonist, exendin-4(9-39) attenuated insulinotropic activity of all peptides whereas glucagon receptor (GCGR) antagonist [des-His1,Pro4,Glu9] glucagon amide significantly decreased the activities of lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 only. The GIP receptor antagonist GIP (6-30) Cex-K40[Pal] attenuated the activity of bowfin GLP-1. All peptides (1 μM) produced significant increases in cAMP concentration in CHL cells transfected with GLP1R but only lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 stimulated cAMP production in HEK293 cells transfected with GCGR. Intraperitoneal administration of lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 (25nmol/kg body weight) in mice produced significant decreases in blood glucose and increased insulin concentrations comparable to the effects of human GLP-1. Lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 display potent insulinotropic activity in vitro and glucose-lowering activity in vivo that is mediated through GLP1R and GCGR so that these peptides may constitute templates for design of new antidiabetic drugs.
LanguageEnglish
Pagesxx
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Volumexx
Issue numberxx
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 9 Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Glucagon Receptors
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Lampreys
Fishes
Peptides
Dogfish
Insulin
Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor
HEK293 Cells
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Glucagon
Hypoglycemic Agents
Amides
Blood Glucose
Body Weight
Glucose

Keywords

  • GLP-1
  • Glucagon
  • insulinotropic
  • antihyperglycaemic
  • lamprey
  • Paddlefish

Cite this

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abstract = "Glucagon-like peptides-1 (GLP-1)from phylogenetically ancient fish (lamprey, dogfish, ratfish, paddlefish and bowfin) and from a teleost, the rainbow trout produced concentration-dependent stimulations of insulin release from clonal β-cells and isolated mouse islets. Lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 were the most potent and effective. Incubation of BRIN-BD11 cells with GLP-1 receptor (GLP1R) antagonist, exendin-4(9-39) attenuated insulinotropic activity of all peptides whereas glucagon receptor (GCGR) antagonist [des-His1,Pro4,Glu9] glucagon amide significantly decreased the activities of lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 only. The GIP receptor antagonist GIP (6-30) Cex-K40[Pal] attenuated the activity of bowfin GLP-1. All peptides (1 μM) produced significant increases in cAMP concentration in CHL cells transfected with GLP1R but only lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 stimulated cAMP production in HEK293 cells transfected with GCGR. Intraperitoneal administration of lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 (25nmol/kg body weight) in mice produced significant decreases in blood glucose and increased insulin concentrations comparable to the effects of human GLP-1. Lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 display potent insulinotropic activity in vitro and glucose-lowering activity in vivo that is mediated through GLP1R and GCGR so that these peptides may constitute templates for design of new antidiabetic drugs.",
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AU - Conlon, Michael

AU - Abdel-Wahab, Yasser

AU - Flatt, PR

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N2 - Glucagon-like peptides-1 (GLP-1)from phylogenetically ancient fish (lamprey, dogfish, ratfish, paddlefish and bowfin) and from a teleost, the rainbow trout produced concentration-dependent stimulations of insulin release from clonal β-cells and isolated mouse islets. Lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 were the most potent and effective. Incubation of BRIN-BD11 cells with GLP-1 receptor (GLP1R) antagonist, exendin-4(9-39) attenuated insulinotropic activity of all peptides whereas glucagon receptor (GCGR) antagonist [des-His1,Pro4,Glu9] glucagon amide significantly decreased the activities of lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 only. The GIP receptor antagonist GIP (6-30) Cex-K40[Pal] attenuated the activity of bowfin GLP-1. All peptides (1 μM) produced significant increases in cAMP concentration in CHL cells transfected with GLP1R but only lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 stimulated cAMP production in HEK293 cells transfected with GCGR. Intraperitoneal administration of lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 (25nmol/kg body weight) in mice produced significant decreases in blood glucose and increased insulin concentrations comparable to the effects of human GLP-1. Lamprey and paddlefish GLP-1 display potent insulinotropic activity in vitro and glucose-lowering activity in vivo that is mediated through GLP1R and GCGR so that these peptides may constitute templates for design of new antidiabetic drugs.

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