Generative Neural Networks for Anomaly Detection in Crowded Scenes

Tian Wang, Meina Qiao, Zhiwei Lin, Ce Li, Hichem Snoussi, Zhe Liu, Chang Choi

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Security surveillance is critical to social harmony and people’s peaceful life. It has a great impact on strengthen- ing social stability and life safeguarding. Detecting anoma- ly timely, effectively and efficiently in video surveillance remains challenging. This paper proposes a new approach, called S 2 -VAE, for anomaly detection from video data. The S2-VAE consists of two proposed neural networks: a Stacked Fully Connected Variational AutoEncoder (SF - VAE) and a Skip Convolutional VAE (SC-VAE). The SF -VAE is a shallow generative network to obtain a Gaussian mixture like model to fit the distribution of the actual data. The SC -VAE, as a key component of S 2 - VAE, is a deep generative network to take advantages of CNN, VAE and skip connections. Both SF -VAE and SC-VAE are efficient and effective generative networks and they can achieve better performance for detecting both local abnormal events and global abnormal events. The proposed S 2 -VAE is evaluated using four public datasets. The experimental results show that the S2-VAE outperforms the state-of-the-art algorithms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
Issue number0
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 13 Oct 2018


  • Spatio-temporal
  • anomaly detection,
  • anomaly detection, Variational AutoEncoder
  • loss function


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