Fusion of Random Walk and Discrete Fourier Spectrum Methods for Gait Recognition

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Gait-based person identification suffers from the problem of different covariate factors such as clothing and carrying objects, which drastically reduce the recognition rate. Most existing methods capture dynamic and static information and remove the covariate factors without any systematic study. However, it has been reported in the literature that the head is one of the important features and the removal of the head from static information decreases the recognition rate. In our preliminary study, we developed a novel random walk (RW)-based gait extraction method that retains the head portion and removes certain static body parts to reduce the effect of covariate factors. The RW-based method is a novel gait feature extraction method and should be exploited more for its discriminative power to separate different body parts efficiently. However, the dynamic part is also significant in gait information, which is not very effectively represented in the RW-based gait extraction method. Therefore, a discrete Fourier transform (DFT)-based frequency component of the gait is considered to represent the dynamic part of gait information. Further, we propose a novel gait recognition algorithm that fuses dynamic and static information from DFT- and RW-based representations. The proposed method systematically retains the discriminative static gait information along with the frequency attribute embedded as the dynamic gait information. Extensive experiments on the CASIA and the HumanID data sets have been carried out to demonstrate that the proposed fused gait features-based approach outperforms the existing methods, particularly when there are substantial appearance changes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)751-762
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems
Issue number6
Early online date31 May 2017
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Dec 2017


  • gait recognition
  • covariate factors
  • random walk
  • discrete Fourier transform


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