From Old French to French: Language as a Living Puzzle

Marc Olivier-Loiseau

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This literature review of clitic placement is a comparison of Old French and Modern French word order; the former being nearly a thousand years older than the latter. Through the evolution of different syntactic phenomena such as clitic climbing, null-object, null-subject and restructuring, I show that a language is alive and not linear; it grows and evolves in creative ways in order to preserve harmony in its structure. Different reorganisations took place in French, and pieces of the language have moved in order to avoid syntactical conflicts
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-43
Number of pages4
JournalIntersections (Postgraduate Journal - Arts , Humanities , Social Sciences)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 9 May 2019


  • Old French
  • generative syntax
  • clitics
  • restructuring
  • diachrony
  • Romance Languages,
  • comparative syntax,
  • word order


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