From Conflict to Peacebuilding: Reflections and Descriptions of Youth Work Practice in the Contested Spaces of Northern Ireland

Ken Harland

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Northern Ireland is a transitional society moving from conflict towards peace. While there have been numerous examples of community relations work in Northern Ireland, much of the learning has not been articulated within a youth work context. Drawing upon discussions with twenty youth work practitioners and conversations with young people, this paper identifies and describes some of the key practice issues for those delivering youth work in contested spaces.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages7-21
    JournalYouth & Policy
    Volume102
    Issue numberSpring
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2009

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    youth work
    transitional society
    peace
    conversation
    learning
    community

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    title = "From Conflict to Peacebuilding: Reflections and Descriptions of Youth Work Practice in the Contested Spaces of Northern Ireland",
    abstract = "Northern Ireland is a transitional society moving from conflict towards peace. While there have been numerous examples of community relations work in Northern Ireland, much of the learning has not been articulated within a youth work context. Drawing upon discussions with twenty youth work practitioners and conversations with young people, this paper identifies and describes some of the key practice issues for those delivering youth work in contested spaces.",
    author = "Ken Harland",
    note = "Reference text: A Shared Future: Policy and Strategic Framework for Good Relations in Northern Ireland (2005) Office of First and Deputy First Minister. Available at http://www.asharedfutureni.gov.uk/gprs.pdf Accessed 20/6/08 Amir, Y. (1969) Contact Hypothesis in Ethnic Relations. Psychological Bulletin, 71: 319-42. Amir, Y. (1976) The role of intergroup contact in change of prejudice and ethnic relations. In Katz, P.A. (Ed) Towards the elimination of Racism. Oxford: Pergamon. Acheson, N/, Cairns, E., Stringer, M. and Williamson, A. (2006) Voluntary Action and Community Relations in Northern Ireland. University of Ulster. Available at http://www.nicrc.org.uk/filestore/documents/reportcrc.pdf accessed 5/6/08. Baizerman, M. (2000) Youth: Fact or Fiction. Paper presented at Youth: Fact or Fiction Conference. 15th September. University of Ulster. Community Youth Work Department. Belfast Telegraph. (5th February, 2008) Majority Want End to Barriers. Report by Vargo, T. US-Ireland Alliance. Available at http://www.us-irelandalliance.org/wmspage.cfm?parm1=779 accessed 6/2/08 Bloomer, F. and Weinreich, P. (2003) Cross Community Relations Projects and Interdependence Identities. In Hargie, O. and Dickson, D. (Eds) Researching the Troubles: Social Science Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict. London: Mainstream Publishing. Chief Constables Annual Report. (2006/07) Police Service for Northern Ireland http://www.psni.police.uk/psni_cc_report_06-07.pdf accessed 21/April/2008. Church, C. and Shouldice, J. (2003) The evaluation of Conflict Resolution: Part 2. Emerging practice and theory. Incore Publications. Connolly, P. (1998) Early years, anit-sectarian television – Guidelines for a series of television programmes directed at anti-sectarian work with children in their early years. Community Relations Council. Darby, J. and Rae, J. (1999) Peace Processes from 1988-1998. Ethnic Studies Report. 27, (1) Jan p 45-57. Department of Education (2005) The Strategy for the Delivery of Youth Work in Northern Ireland 2005-2008. Youth Service Liaison Forum. Freire, P. (1968) Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: London: Penguin. Gallagher, A.M. (1995) The Approach of Government: Community Relations and Equity. In Dunn, S. (Ed) Facets of the Conflict in Northern Ireland. London: St Martin’s Press. Grattan, A. and Morgan, S. (2007) Youthwork in Conflict Societies: From Divergence to Convergence. In Magnuson, D. and Baizerman, M. (Eds) Work with Youth in Divided and Contested Societies. Rotterdam: Sense Publications. Hargie, Dickson and Nelson (2003) Working together in a divided society. Journal of Business and Technical Communication. 17, P285. Hammond, M. (2008) Cross Community Youth Work Training in a Divided Society. Youth & Policy Nos 97&98. Autumn 2007/Winter 2008. p 47-56. Harland, K. (2007) The Legacy of Conflict in Northern Ireland: Paramilitarism, Violence and Youth Work in Contested Spaces. In Magnuson, D. and Baizerman, M. (Eds) Work with Youth in Divided and Contested Societies. Rotterdam: Sense Publications. International Conference about Youth and Conflict (2007) Ten Reflection Points to Enrich Youth Work in Contested Spaces. Final Document of the International Conference about Youth and Conflict. Available at http://www.gazteaukera.euskadi.net/r58-20217/en/contenidos/informacion/contested_hasiera/en_001/adjuntos/documento{\%}20final{\%}20YWICS{\%}20_eng_.pdf Accessed 15/02/08. Kofi Annan (2004) Learning the Lessons of Peace Building: The Top O’Neill Lecture. University of Ulster. October 18th. Lederach, P. (1995) Preparing for Peace: Conflict transformation across cultures. Syracuse University Press: New York. Lederach, J.P. (2002) Building Peaceful Societies. Washington: Institute of Peace Press. Lederach, J.P. (2008) (8th Ed) Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies. Washington DC: US Institute of Peace Press. Magnuson, D. (2007) The Perils, Promise and Practice of Youth Work in Conflcit Societies. In Magnuson, D. and Baizermand, M. (Eds) Work with Youth in Divided and Contested Societies. Rotterdam: Sense Publications Morrow, D. and Wilson, D. (1996) Ways out of Conflict: Resources fro Community Relations Work. Understanding Conflict Trust: The Corrymeela Press. Muldoon, O., Schmid, K., Downes, C., Kremer, J. and Trew, K. (2008) The Legacy of the Troubles: Experiences of the troubles, Mental Health and Social Attitudes. http://www.legacyofthetroubles.qub.ac.uk/LegacyOfTheTroublesFinalReport.pdf (Accessed 8th February 2008). Murtagh, B. (2003) Territoriality, research and Policy Making in Northern Ireland. In Hargie, O., & Dickson, D. (Eds) Researching the Troubles: Social Science Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict. P209-225. London: Mainstream Publishing. Neins, U., Cairns, E., and Hewstone, M. (2003) Contact and Conflict in Northern Ireland. In Hargie, O. and Dickson, D. (Eds) Researching the Troubles: Social Science Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict. London: Mainstream Publishing. Northern Ireland Young Life and Times Survey (2007) Community Relations. Economic Social and Research Council. (ESRC) ARK Northern Ireland. Available at: http://www.ark.ac.uk/ylt/2007/Community_Relations/CCSTATE3.html#gender Accessed 14th May 2008. Oberschall, A. (2007) Conflict and Peace Building in Divided Societies.: Responses to ethnic violence. Routledge: New York. Pettigrew, T.F. (1997) Generalized intergroup contact effects on prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23:173-85. Radford, K. (2007) It’s not just the Bagels and Bhajis: Reflections on a research revolt, youth participation and minority ethnicity in Northern Ireland. In Magnuson, D. and Baizerman, M. Work with Youth in Divided and Contested Societies. Sense Publications: Rotterdam. Smyth, M and Hamilton, J. (2003) The Human Costs of the Troubles. In Hargie, O. and Dickson, D. (Eds) Researching the Troubles: Social Science Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict. London: Mainstream Publishing. Smyth, P. (2001) Working with Children and Young People in Violently Divided Societies. Papers from Soiuth Africa and Northern Ireland. In Smyth, M. and Thompson, K. (Eds) Community Conflict Impact upon Children. Beffast: Incore. P215-230. Smyth, P. (2007) The Development of Community Relations Youth Work in Northern Ireland: 1968-2005. In Magnuson, D. and Baizerman, M. Work with Youth in Divided and Contested Societies. Rotterdam: Sense Publications. White, L. (2008) At the Mercy of the Thugs. Belfast Telegraph. 8th April. P13. Wallensteen, P. (2002) Understanding Conflict Resolution. Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Wilson, D. and Morrow, D. (1988) Supporting Community Youth Workers in a Contested Society. The Understanding Conflict Trust. Wilson, D. and Tyrrell, J. (1995) Institutions for conciliation and mediation. In Dunn, S (Ed) Facets of the conflict in Northern Ireland. London: St. Martin. Young Citizens in Action (2007) Why Not Ask Me? Research into the opinions of young people in Belfast about volunteering and community relations. Voluntary Services Belfast Publications. Available at http://soap2.tibus.com/vsb/filestore/documents/why{\%}20not{\%}20ask{\%}20me.pdf Accessed 5/May/08",
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    From Conflict to Peacebuilding: Reflections and Descriptions of Youth Work Practice in the Contested Spaces of Northern Ireland. / Harland, Ken.

    In: Youth & Policy, Vol. 102, No. Spring, 24.04.2009, p. 7-21.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - From Conflict to Peacebuilding: Reflections and Descriptions of Youth Work Practice in the Contested Spaces of Northern Ireland

    AU - Harland, Ken

    N1 - Reference text: A Shared Future: Policy and Strategic Framework for Good Relations in Northern Ireland (2005) Office of First and Deputy First Minister. Available at http://www.asharedfutureni.gov.uk/gprs.pdf Accessed 20/6/08 Amir, Y. (1969) Contact Hypothesis in Ethnic Relations. Psychological Bulletin, 71: 319-42. Amir, Y. (1976) The role of intergroup contact in change of prejudice and ethnic relations. In Katz, P.A. (Ed) Towards the elimination of Racism. Oxford: Pergamon. Acheson, N/, Cairns, E., Stringer, M. and Williamson, A. (2006) Voluntary Action and Community Relations in Northern Ireland. University of Ulster. Available at http://www.nicrc.org.uk/filestore/documents/reportcrc.pdf accessed 5/6/08. Baizerman, M. (2000) Youth: Fact or Fiction. Paper presented at Youth: Fact or Fiction Conference. 15th September. University of Ulster. Community Youth Work Department. Belfast Telegraph. (5th February, 2008) Majority Want End to Barriers. Report by Vargo, T. US-Ireland Alliance. Available at http://www.us-irelandalliance.org/wmspage.cfm?parm1=779 accessed 6/2/08 Bloomer, F. and Weinreich, P. (2003) Cross Community Relations Projects and Interdependence Identities. In Hargie, O. and Dickson, D. (Eds) Researching the Troubles: Social Science Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict. London: Mainstream Publishing. Chief Constables Annual Report. (2006/07) Police Service for Northern Ireland http://www.psni.police.uk/psni_cc_report_06-07.pdf accessed 21/April/2008. Church, C. and Shouldice, J. (2003) The evaluation of Conflict Resolution: Part 2. Emerging practice and theory. Incore Publications. Connolly, P. (1998) Early years, anit-sectarian television – Guidelines for a series of television programmes directed at anti-sectarian work with children in their early years. Community Relations Council. Darby, J. and Rae, J. (1999) Peace Processes from 1988-1998. Ethnic Studies Report. 27, (1) Jan p 45-57. Department of Education (2005) The Strategy for the Delivery of Youth Work in Northern Ireland 2005-2008. Youth Service Liaison Forum. Freire, P. (1968) Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: London: Penguin. Gallagher, A.M. (1995) The Approach of Government: Community Relations and Equity. In Dunn, S. (Ed) Facets of the Conflict in Northern Ireland. London: St Martin’s Press. Grattan, A. and Morgan, S. (2007) Youthwork in Conflict Societies: From Divergence to Convergence. In Magnuson, D. and Baizerman, M. (Eds) Work with Youth in Divided and Contested Societies. Rotterdam: Sense Publications. Hargie, Dickson and Nelson (2003) Working together in a divided society. Journal of Business and Technical Communication. 17, P285. Hammond, M. (2008) Cross Community Youth Work Training in a Divided Society. Youth & Policy Nos 97&98. Autumn 2007/Winter 2008. p 47-56. Harland, K. (2007) The Legacy of Conflict in Northern Ireland: Paramilitarism, Violence and Youth Work in Contested Spaces. In Magnuson, D. and Baizerman, M. (Eds) Work with Youth in Divided and Contested Societies. Rotterdam: Sense Publications. International Conference about Youth and Conflict (2007) Ten Reflection Points to Enrich Youth Work in Contested Spaces. Final Document of the International Conference about Youth and Conflict. Available at http://www.gazteaukera.euskadi.net/r58-20217/en/contenidos/informacion/contested_hasiera/en_001/adjuntos/documento%20final%20YWICS%20_eng_.pdf Accessed 15/02/08. Kofi Annan (2004) Learning the Lessons of Peace Building: The Top O’Neill Lecture. University of Ulster. October 18th. Lederach, P. (1995) Preparing for Peace: Conflict transformation across cultures. Syracuse University Press: New York. Lederach, J.P. (2002) Building Peaceful Societies. Washington: Institute of Peace Press. Lederach, J.P. (2008) (8th Ed) Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies. Washington DC: US Institute of Peace Press. Magnuson, D. (2007) The Perils, Promise and Practice of Youth Work in Conflcit Societies. In Magnuson, D. and Baizermand, M. (Eds) Work with Youth in Divided and Contested Societies. Rotterdam: Sense Publications Morrow, D. and Wilson, D. (1996) Ways out of Conflict: Resources fro Community Relations Work. Understanding Conflict Trust: The Corrymeela Press. Muldoon, O., Schmid, K., Downes, C., Kremer, J. and Trew, K. (2008) The Legacy of the Troubles: Experiences of the troubles, Mental Health and Social Attitudes. http://www.legacyofthetroubles.qub.ac.uk/LegacyOfTheTroublesFinalReport.pdf (Accessed 8th February 2008). Murtagh, B. (2003) Territoriality, research and Policy Making in Northern Ireland. In Hargie, O., & Dickson, D. (Eds) Researching the Troubles: Social Science Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict. P209-225. London: Mainstream Publishing. Neins, U., Cairns, E., and Hewstone, M. (2003) Contact and Conflict in Northern Ireland. In Hargie, O. and Dickson, D. (Eds) Researching the Troubles: Social Science Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict. London: Mainstream Publishing. Northern Ireland Young Life and Times Survey (2007) Community Relations. Economic Social and Research Council. (ESRC) ARK Northern Ireland. Available at: http://www.ark.ac.uk/ylt/2007/Community_Relations/CCSTATE3.html#gender Accessed 14th May 2008. Oberschall, A. (2007) Conflict and Peace Building in Divided Societies.: Responses to ethnic violence. Routledge: New York. Pettigrew, T.F. (1997) Generalized intergroup contact effects on prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23:173-85. Radford, K. (2007) It’s not just the Bagels and Bhajis: Reflections on a research revolt, youth participation and minority ethnicity in Northern Ireland. In Magnuson, D. and Baizerman, M. Work with Youth in Divided and Contested Societies. Sense Publications: Rotterdam. Smyth, M and Hamilton, J. (2003) The Human Costs of the Troubles. In Hargie, O. and Dickson, D. (Eds) Researching the Troubles: Social Science Perspectives on the Northern Ireland Conflict. London: Mainstream Publishing. Smyth, P. (2001) Working with Children and Young People in Violently Divided Societies. Papers from Soiuth Africa and Northern Ireland. In Smyth, M. and Thompson, K. (Eds) Community Conflict Impact upon Children. Beffast: Incore. P215-230. Smyth, P. (2007) The Development of Community Relations Youth Work in Northern Ireland: 1968-2005. In Magnuson, D. and Baizerman, M. Work with Youth in Divided and Contested Societies. Rotterdam: Sense Publications. White, L. (2008) At the Mercy of the Thugs. Belfast Telegraph. 8th April. P13. Wallensteen, P. (2002) Understanding Conflict Resolution. Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Wilson, D. and Morrow, D. (1988) Supporting Community Youth Workers in a Contested Society. The Understanding Conflict Trust. Wilson, D. and Tyrrell, J. (1995) Institutions for conciliation and mediation. In Dunn, S (Ed) Facets of the conflict in Northern Ireland. London: St. Martin. Young Citizens in Action (2007) Why Not Ask Me? Research into the opinions of young people in Belfast about volunteering and community relations. Voluntary Services Belfast Publications. Available at http://soap2.tibus.com/vsb/filestore/documents/why%20not%20ask%20me.pdf Accessed 5/May/08

    PY - 2009/4/24

    Y1 - 2009/4/24

    N2 - Northern Ireland is a transitional society moving from conflict towards peace. While there have been numerous examples of community relations work in Northern Ireland, much of the learning has not been articulated within a youth work context. Drawing upon discussions with twenty youth work practitioners and conversations with young people, this paper identifies and describes some of the key practice issues for those delivering youth work in contested spaces.

    AB - Northern Ireland is a transitional society moving from conflict towards peace. While there have been numerous examples of community relations work in Northern Ireland, much of the learning has not been articulated within a youth work context. Drawing upon discussions with twenty youth work practitioners and conversations with young people, this paper identifies and describes some of the key practice issues for those delivering youth work in contested spaces.

    M3 - Article

    VL - 102

    SP - 7

    EP - 21

    JO - Youth and Policy

    T2 - Youth and Policy

    JF - Youth and Policy

    SN - 0262-9798

    IS - Spring

    ER -