Four Self-Related IRAPs: Analyzing and Interpreting Effects in Light of the DAARRE Model

Audrey Pidgeon, Ciara Mcenteggart, Colin Harte, Dermot Barnes-holmes, Yvonne Barnes-holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Two studies are presented that involved exploring four different versions of the implicit relational assessment procedure (IRAP) to target self-relevant stimulus relations. Experiment 1 employed stimuli from previous research that used the IRAP to target stimulus relations pertaining to self, and self-esteem in particular. Experiment 2 aimed to explore the use of different types of stimuli (i.e., pictures as well as words), that again focused on self-related stimulus relations, and their potential correlations with measures of self-esteem and psychological distress. Experiment 1 yielded broadly similar findings to those reported previously. Experiment 2 showed that only one trial type from the IRAP using pictures depicting success versus failure correlated with the measures of self-esteem and psychological distress; none of the remaining 11 trial types across the three IRAPs yielded any significant correlations. The current findings may be seen as relatively progressive when presented in the context of a theoretical model that may be used, albeit in a post-hoc manner, to interpret the specific IRAP response patterns obtained in the current and previously published research. In particular, an in-depth RFT conceptual analysis of the findings using a recently proposed model of IRAP effects is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalThe Psychological Record
Early online date7 Sep 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Sep 2020


  • DAARRE model
  • IRAP
  • RFT
  • Self-relevant stimuli


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