Forward to the Past? Loyalist Paramilitarism in Northern Ireland Since 1994

Rachel Monaghan, Peter Shirlow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


This article considers in detail loyalist paramilitary activity in Northern Ireland since the paramilitary ceasefires of 1994. The continuing nature of contemporary loyalist violence is documented with reference to sectarian attacks against members of the ‘Other’/Catholic community and associated symbols of that community, violence directed at other loyalists and the potential for future violence given constitutional uncertainty regarding Northern Ireland’s position within the United Kingdom. The article also challenges assumptions within the broader literature of an inability within loyalist paramilitary groups to move beyond violence in the post-ceasefire period with particular reference to their conflict transformation efforts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-665
JournalStudies in Conflict & Terrorism
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - Aug 2011


  • Northern Ireland
  • political violence
  • conflict transformation
  • loyalist paramilitaries


Dive into the research topics of 'Forward to the Past? Loyalist Paramilitarism in Northern Ireland Since 1994'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this