Flexible and high-performance piezoresistive strain sensors based on carbon nanoparticles@polyurethane sponges

Xuezhong Zhang, Dong Xiang, Wanqiu Zhu, Yongfeng Zheng, Eileen Harkin-Jones, Ping Wang, Chunxia Zhao, Hui Li, Bin Wang, Yuntao Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Citations (Scopus)
229 Downloads (Pure)


In this work, flexible and high-performance piezoresistive strain sensors were fabricated by simple layer-by-layer electrostatic self-assembly of carbon nanoparticles on commercial polyurethane (PU) sponges. It was shown that the sponge-based strain sensors exhibited obviously positive and negative piezoresistive characteristics under tensile and compressive strains, respectively. The alternate assembly of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) contributed to the construction of a more complete conductive network and significantly improved the sensing performance of the sensor due to the synergistic effect between CNTs and GNPs. Compared with the CNT@PU and CNT/GNP@PU sponge strain sensors, the CNT/GNP/CNT@PU sensor had a larger strain detection range and higher linearity. Besides, the CNT/GNP/CNT@PU sponge strain sensor showed high sensitivity (GF = 43,000 at 60% tensile strain and GF = −1.1 at 50% compressive strain), responsive capability to very small strain (0.05%) and outstanding stability during 3000 loading cycles. Due to its excellent sensing performance, the CNT/GNP/CNT@PU sensor enabled monitoring of various physiological activities, including finger movements, wrist bending and walking etc. In addition, a 5 × 5 sensor array based on the sponge-based strain sensor was prepared to achieve accurate identification of weight distribution. This study provides valuable information for the development of flexible strain sensors with high-performance and low-cost.
Original languageEnglish
Article number108437
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Early online date1 Sept 2020
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 10 Nov 2020


  • Carbon nanotube
  • Graphene nanoplatelet
  • Piezoresistive
  • Self-assembly
  • Strain sensor


Dive into the research topics of 'Flexible and high-performance piezoresistive strain sensors based on carbon nanoparticles@polyurethane sponges'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this