Fire resistance of unprotected Ultra Shallow Floor Beams (USFB): A numerical investigation

C Maraveas, K. D Tsavdaridis, Ali Nadjai

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21 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper presents the fire resistance behaviour of the Ultra Shallow Floor Beams (USFB) partially encased in concrete using numerical analysis method based on material specifications of the EN1994-1-2. Investigating the behavior of USFBs under elevated temperatures is crucial in determining their fire resistance and evaluating their overall performance in contemporary construction. Even though the manufacturing company provides fire resistances for USFBs based on EC4-1-2 procedures, their response to elevated temperature effects remains up to date neither well documented nor clearly understood. The analyses involved two different beams of span 5m and 8m respectively, as specified by the manufacturer. Analysis results showed that such beams, when
unprotected, experience severe temperature gradients if exposed to fire, as the lower flange still remains unprotected in contrast to the concrete encased part of the crosssection. As it was anticipated, the moment capacity governs the fire resistance of the beams and the load factor highly effects the elevated temperature behavior. In addition, the loss of the lower flange, which develops high temperatures, is not compensated by the web and consequently the moment capacity ultimately depends on the temperature of the lower flange. Results also suggest that simulated beams sustained the applied load for
approximately 40min of exposure to the standard fire.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)609-627
Number of pages23
JournalFire Technology
Issue number2
Early online date23 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - Mar 2017


  • Ultra Shallow Floor Beams
  • Fire Resistance
  • Composite
  • Flooring
  • Systems
  • Moment Capacity
  • Shear Capacity


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