Fire behaviour of gypsum plasterboard wall assemblies: CFD simulation of a full-scale residential building

Dionysios Kolaitis, Eleni Asimakopoulou, Maria Founti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Gypsum “dehydration” phenomena, occurring when gypsum plasterboard wall assemblies are exposed to a high temperature environment, result in water vapour production and subsequent dispersion in the fire compartment; these phenomena are often neglected in relevant Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations. Aiming to investigate the impact of gypsum dehydration in full-scale CFD simulations of lightweight drywall buildings, the FDS code is used to simulate a two-storey residential building, exposed to a typical domestic fire scenario. The building employs a structural steel frame combined with gypsum plasterboard wall assemblies. Temperature-dependent thermo-physical properties are used for all construction materials. The effects of gypsum dehydration are assessed by using two alternative modelling approaches, an effective specific heat model and a solid reaction kinetics model; the obtained predictions are compared to a benchmark test case, where no such phenomena are modelled. The obtained results demonstrate that when the highly endothermic gypsum dehydration phenomena are simulated, lower overall heat release rates, gas and wall surface temperatures are predicted. In addition, the developed solid reaction kinetics model allows, for the first time, quantitative predictions of gypsum dehydration induced water vapour production and dispersion phenomena.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-35
JournalCase Studies in Fire Safety
Volume7
Early online date29 Nov 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Fire
  • Gypsum plasterboard
  • Gypsum dehydration
  • Solid reaction kinetics
  • Effective specific heat
  • Drywall system
  • Multi-compartment fire

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