Financial analysis of an installed small scale seasonal thermal energy store

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The financial viability of an installed solar heating system incorporating a Seasonal Thermal Energy Store (STES) for a house constructed to the low-energy Passivhaus standard is analysed. Details are provided of system costs and the recorded performance for the installation which is located in Galway, Ireland, a location which experiences a Temperate Maritime Climate. Using these figures, a financial Life Cycle Analysis has been undertaken to determine the cost effectiveness of the system in providing space heating and domestic hot water.As part of the life cycle cost analysis the effect of the treatment of the terminal value of the STES was considered. The analysis shows that irrespective of the terminal value attached to the STES, the use of solar thermal energy in combination with an STES offered a more favourable business case than the use of electricity for DHW and space heating over the 40 year time period considered. This shows that a direct space heating and DHW system incorporating STES can be economically viable in a Temperate Maritime Climate in the long term.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-428
Number of pages7
JournalRenewable Energy
Early online date28 Aug 2015
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Feb 2016


  • Combisystems
  • Financial analysis
  • Low energy house
  • Passivhaus
  • Seasonal thermal energy storage
  • STES


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