Fight for a National Cinema: An Introductory Text and Translation (Halit Refig, 1971)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Halit Refiğ had an impact on debates around Turkish national cinema, both as a thinker and as a practitioner. He was instrumental in establishing the Turkish Film Institute under MSU, along with his director colleagues like Metin Erksan and Lutfi Akad, Refiğ lectured for many years at the first cinema training department. This translation is from his 1971 collection of articles titled Ulusal Sinema Kavgasi (Fight For National Cinema). Here Refiğ elaborates on the concept of national cinema from cultural perspectives framing Turkey as a continuation of Ottoman Empire and its culture distinct and different from western ideas of capitalism, bourgeoisie art and Marxism. For Refiğ, Turkish cinema should be reflected as an extension of traditional Turkish arts. Refiğ explores the potential to form a national cinema through dialogue and dialectic within Turkish traditional arts and against western cinematic traditions of representation.
LanguageEnglish
Pages56-77
JournalFilm Studies
Volume16
Issue number1
Early online date1 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 May 2017

Fingerprint

National Cinema
Thinkers
Capitalism
Art
Continuation
Dialectics
Marxism
Ottoman Empire
Cinema
Turkish Cinema
Turkey
Turkish Art
Bourgeoisie

Keywords

  • nationalism
  • national cinema
  • cultural identity
  • Turkish cinema
  • Halit Refiğ
  • Yesilcam Cinema

Cite this

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title = "Fight for a National Cinema: An Introductory Text and Translation (Halit Refig, 1971)",
abstract = "Halit Refiğ had an impact on debates around Turkish national cinema, both as a thinker and as a practitioner. He was instrumental in establishing the Turkish Film Institute under MSU, along with his director colleagues like Metin Erksan and Lutfi Akad, Refiğ lectured for many years at the first cinema training department. This translation is from his 1971 collection of articles titled Ulusal Sinema Kavgasi (Fight For National Cinema). Here Refiğ elaborates on the concept of national cinema from cultural perspectives framing Turkey as a continuation of Ottoman Empire and its culture distinct and different from western ideas of capitalism, bourgeoisie art and Marxism. For Refiğ, Turkish cinema should be reflected as an extension of traditional Turkish arts. Refiğ explores the potential to form a national cinema through dialogue and dialectic within Turkish traditional arts and against western cinematic traditions of representation.",
keywords = "nationalism, national cinema, cultural identity, Turkish cinema, Halit Refiğ, Yesilcam Cinema",
author = "Murat Akser and {Durak Akser}, Didem",
note = "Reference text: Murat Akser, ‘Turkish Cinema’.in Oxford Bibliographies in Islamic Studies, ed. John O. Voll. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. Murat Akser ‘Turkish Independent Cinema: Between Bourgeois Auteurism and Political Radicalism’, in Doris Baltruschat and Mary P. Erickson (eds), Independent Filmmaking Around The Globe, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015. Murat Akser, Green Pine Resurrected: Film Genre, Parody and Intertextuality in Turkish Cinema, Saarbr{\"u}cken, Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing, 2010. Eylem Atakav (ed.), Directory of World Cinema: Turkey, Bristol, UK: Intellect, 2013. Hakkı Başg{\"u}ney. T{\"u}rk Sinematek Derneği: T{\"u}rkiye’de Sinema ve Politik Tartışma, Istanbul: Libra Kitap, 2010. Thomas Bauer and Angelika Neuwirth (eds), Ghazal as World Literature I: Transformations of a Literary Genre, Wurzburg: Ergon Verlag, 2005. Sibel Bozdoğan and Reşat Kasaba (eds), Rethinking Modernity and National Identity in Turkey, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997. Mustafa Cezar, Osmanlı Tarihinde Levendler, Istanbul: {\cC}elikcilt Matbaası, 1965. Stephen Crofts, ‘Reconceptualizing National Cinema/S’, Quarterly Review of Film & Video 14:3 (1993): 49–67. Asli Daldal, Art, Politics and Society: Social Realism in Italian and Turkish Cinemas, Istanbul: ISIS Press, 2003. Sencer Divit{\cc}ioğlu, Asya {\"U}retim Tarzı ve Osmanlı Toplumu, İstanbul: İstanbul {\"U}niversitesi Yayınları, 1967. Atilla Dorsay, ‘An Overview of Turkish Cinema from its Origins to the Present Day’, in G{\"u}nsel Renda and Carl Max Kortepeter (eds), The Transformation of Turkish Culture: The Atat{\"u}rk Legacy, Princeton, NJ: Kingston Press, 1986, pp. 113–30. G{\"o}n{\"u}l D{\"o}nmez-Colin, The Routledge Dictionary of Turkish Cinema, London: Routledge, 2013. Carter V. Findley, Turkey, Islam, Nationalism and Modernity: A History, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2010. Talat Sait Halman and Jayne L. Warner, Rapture and Revolution: Essays on Turkish Literature, New York: Syracuse University Press, 2007. Tal{\^a}t Sait Halman and İlhan Başg{\"o}z, Yunus Emre and His Mystical Poetry, Bloomington: Indiana University, 1981. M. Ş{\"u}kr{\"u} Hanioğlu, A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2010. Andrew Higson, ‘The Concept of National Cinema’, Screen 30:4 (1989): 36–47. Şeng{\"u}n Kılı{\cc} Hristidis, Sinemada Ulusal Tavır: ‘Halit Refiğ Kitabı’, İstanbul: T{\"u}rkiye İş Bankası K{\"u}lt{\"u}r Yayınları, 2007 Ali Karadoğan, Halit Refiğ: Bir Sinema’nın ve Sinemacı’nın Ser{\"u}veni, Ankara: DKİV Yayınları, 2003. Hikmet Kıvılcımlı, T{\"u}rkiyede Kapitalizmin Gelişimi, Istanbul: Mete Matbaasi, 1965. Cevdet Kudret, Karag{\"o}z, Ankara: Bilgi Yayınevi, 1969. Dilek Kaya Mutlu, ‘Film Censorship During the Golden Age of Turkish Cinema,’ in Daniel Biltereyst and Roel Vande Winkel (eds), Silencing Cinema: Film Censorship Around the World, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, pp. 131–46. G{\"u}lşah Nezaket Maraşlı, Bir Halit Refiğ Filmi, Ankara: Elips Kitap, 2007 John Morgan O’Connell, ‘Fine Art, Fine Music: Controlling Turkish Taste at the Fine Arts Academy in 1926’, Yearbook for Traditional Music 32 (2000): 117–42. Tom O’Regan, Australian National Cinema, London: Routledge, 1996. Ag{\^a}h {\"O}zg{\"u}{\cc} and Giovanni Scognamillo, A Chronological History of the Turkish Cinema, 1914–1988, Ankara: Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Presidency of Film Office, General Directorate of the Fine Arts, 1988. Serdar {\"O}zt{\"u}rk, ‘Karag{\"o}z Co-Opted: Turkish Shadow Theatre of the Early Republic (1923–1945)’, Asian Theatre Journal (2006): 292–313. G{\"u}lper Refiğ, Halitciğim: Halit Refiğ İle Bir {\"O}m{\"u}r, Istanbul: Siyah Kuğu Yayınları, 2016. Halit Refiğ, Doğruyu Aradım G{\"u}zeli Sevdim, İstanbul: Bizim Kitaplar, 2009. Halit Refiğ, Ulusal Sinema Kavgası, İstanbul: Hareket Yayınları 1971. Kevin Robins and Asu Aksoy, ‘Deep Nation: The National Question and Turkish Cinema Culture’, in Mette Hjort and Scott Mackenzie (eds), Cinema and Nation, London: Routledge, 2000, pp. 191–208. Ali Can Sekme{\cc}, T{\"u}rk Sinemasının ‘Yorgun Savaş{\cc}ı’sı Halit Refiğ, İstanbul: İstanbul B{\"u}y{\"u}kşehir Belediyesi K{\"u}lt{\"u}r Daire Başkanlığı Yayınları, 2015. Iain Robert Smith, The Hollywood Meme: Transnational Adaptations in World Cinema, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2016. Rekin Teksoy, Turkish Cinema, Istanbul: Oğlak Yayıncılık, 2008. Ahmet Toklu, Bir Yorgun Savaş{\cc}ı Halit Refiğ,İstanbul: Sepya Yayıncılık, 2012. Osman Turan, Sel{\cc}uklular Tarihi ve T{\"u}rk-İslam Medeniyeti, Ankara: T{\"u}rk K{\"u}lt{\"u}r{\"u}n{\"u} Araştırma Enstit{\"u}s{\"u}, 1965. İbrahim T{\"u}rk, D{\"u}şlerden D{\"u}ş{\"u}ncelere: Halit Refiğ, İstanbul: Kabalcı Yayınevi, 2001. Erich Jan Zurcher, Turkey: A Modern History, New York: I.B. Tauris, 2004",
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Fight for a National Cinema: An Introductory Text and Translation (Halit Refig, 1971). / Akser, Murat; Durak Akser, Didem.

In: Film Studies, Vol. 16, No. 1, 01.05.2017, p. 56-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fight for a National Cinema: An Introductory Text and Translation (Halit Refig, 1971)

AU - Akser, Murat

AU - Durak Akser, Didem

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AB - Halit Refiğ had an impact on debates around Turkish national cinema, both as a thinker and as a practitioner. He was instrumental in establishing the Turkish Film Institute under MSU, along with his director colleagues like Metin Erksan and Lutfi Akad, Refiğ lectured for many years at the first cinema training department. This translation is from his 1971 collection of articles titled Ulusal Sinema Kavgasi (Fight For National Cinema). Here Refiğ elaborates on the concept of national cinema from cultural perspectives framing Turkey as a continuation of Ottoman Empire and its culture distinct and different from western ideas of capitalism, bourgeoisie art and Marxism. For Refiğ, Turkish cinema should be reflected as an extension of traditional Turkish arts. Refiğ explores the potential to form a national cinema through dialogue and dialectic within Turkish traditional arts and against western cinematic traditions of representation.

KW - nationalism

KW - national cinema

KW - cultural identity

KW - Turkish cinema

KW - Halit Refiğ

KW - Yesilcam Cinema

U2 - 10.7227/FS.16.0005

DO - 10.7227/FS.16.0005

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JO - Film Studies

T2 - Film Studies

JF - Film Studies

SN - 1469-0314

IS - 1

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