The Fiumi Uniti and Savio rivers are two small sandy-bed river systems which sediment yield contributes feeds part of the Emilia-Romagna beaches (Italy). Since the twentieth century the northern Adriatic coast has been affected by well-known beach retreat phenomena. As the sediment supply of these local rivers is not well known, an analysis of bed-load transport rates for the last 10 kilometres of the river has been done. Multiple analysis, supported by direct field measurements of the 2005-06 and 2017 years (still ongoing) have been realized. Complementary hydraulic investigation and modelling have been performed. Repeated bed-material samplings have been carried out during different flood conditions, obtaining a significant number of observations. Aiming at defining the behaviour of sediment-transport in these two rivers, this paper focuses on the analysis of threshold sediment transport condition. Several formulae available in literature were used to test the field measurements. All these criteria seem inappropriate to predict the threshold conditions for bed particle entrainment in terms of the value of bed shear stress. The inaccurate estimation given by these formulae is due to the fact that they do not consider natural grain-shape factors or are mainly suitable for gravel-bed rivers.
|Journal||E3S Web of Conferences|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Sep 2018|
|Event||9th International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics, River Flow 2018 - Lyon-Villeurbanne, France|
Duration: 5 Sep 2018 → 8 Sep 2018