Female Gender doubles pre-hospital delay times for patients experiencing ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) in Saudi Arabia

Hassan Al Shahrani, Roy McConkey, Mustafa Youssef, Donna Fitzsimons

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    17 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction: Pre-hospital delay has a significant impact on patients’ mortality and morbidity in STEMI. Internationally many factors including female gender have been implicated, but no research has been conducted in Arab cultures. We aimed to explore the factors contributing to pre-hospital delay among female STEMI patients in Saudi Arabia. Method: This sequential, explanatory mixed methods study comprised a consecutive sample of 311 patients, presenting with STEMI to 3 hospitals in Riyadh, from March 2011 to August 2011. Of these, 189 patients (36 females) were eligible and interviewed using the Response to Symptoms Questionnaire. A purposive sample of 18 patients (9 females) then participated in qualitative interviews that were taped and transcribed prior to thematic analysis.Findings: The median pre-hospital delay for males was 5 hours and 12.9 hours for females (p
    Original languageEnglish
    Journaleuropean journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
    Volumen/a
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2013

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