Fatty acid synthesis pathway provides lipid precursors for rhamnolipid biosynthesis in Burkholderia thailandensis E264

Victor Irorere, Thomas J. P. Smyth, Diego Cobice, S McClean, R Marchant, Ibrahim Banat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rhamnolipid production was monitored for a period of 216 h using different substrates in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Burkholderia thailandensis E264 which showed comparable crude yields attained by both after 216 h. The crude yield for P. aeruginosa, however, was significantly higher at the early stages of fermentation (72 or 144 h). Additionally, P. aeruginosa produced rhamnolipid with odd and even carbon chain lipid moieties using odd carbon chain fatty acid substrates (up to 45.97 and 67.57%, respectively). In contrast, B. thailandensis produced rhamnolipid with predominantly even carbon chain lipid moieties (up to 99.26). These results indicate the use of the fatty acid synthesis (FAS II) pathway as the main source of lipid precursors in rhamnolipid biosynthesis by B. thailandensis. Isotope tracing using 0.25% stearic acid – d 35 + 1% glycerol as carbon substrate showed a single pattern of deuterium incorporation: with predominantly less than 15 deuterium atoms incorporated into a single Di-C14-C14 rhamnolipid molecule. This further indicates that the FAS II pathway is the main source of the lipid precursor in rhamnolipid biosynthesis by B. thailandensis. The pathogenicity of these strains was also assessed, and results showed that B. thailandensis is significantly less pathogenic than P. aeruginosa with an LC50 at 24 h > 2500, approximately three logs higher than P. aeruginosa using the Galleria mellonella larva model.
LanguageEnglish
Pages6163-6174
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume102
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2018

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Burkholderia thailandensis
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
biosynthesis
fatty acids
synthesis
lipids
deuterium
carbon
Galleria mellonella
stearic acid
lethal concentration 50
rhamnolipids
glycerol
isotopes
pathogenicity
fermentation
larvae

Keywords

  • Rhamnolipid FAS II β-oxidation B. thailandensis P. aeruginosa Deuterium labelling

Cite this

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title = "Fatty acid synthesis pathway provides lipid precursors for rhamnolipid biosynthesis in Burkholderia thailandensis E264",
abstract = "Rhamnolipid production was monitored for a period of 216 h using different substrates in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Burkholderia thailandensis E264 which showed comparable crude yields attained by both after 216 h. The crude yield for P. aeruginosa, however, was significantly higher at the early stages of fermentation (72 or 144 h). Additionally, P. aeruginosa produced rhamnolipid with odd and even carbon chain lipid moieties using odd carbon chain fatty acid substrates (up to 45.97 and 67.57{\%}, respectively). In contrast, B. thailandensis produced rhamnolipid with predominantly even carbon chain lipid moieties (up to 99.26). These results indicate the use of the fatty acid synthesis (FAS II) pathway as the main source of lipid precursors in rhamnolipid biosynthesis by B. thailandensis. Isotope tracing using 0.25{\%} stearic acid – d 35 + 1{\%} glycerol as carbon substrate showed a single pattern of deuterium incorporation: with predominantly less than 15 deuterium atoms incorporated into a single Di-C14-C14 rhamnolipid molecule. This further indicates that the FAS II pathway is the main source of the lipid precursor in rhamnolipid biosynthesis by B. thailandensis. The pathogenicity of these strains was also assessed, and results showed that B. thailandensis is significantly less pathogenic than P. aeruginosa with an LC50 at 24 h > 2500, approximately three logs higher than P. aeruginosa using the Galleria mellonella larva model.",
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Fatty acid synthesis pathway provides lipid precursors for rhamnolipid biosynthesis in Burkholderia thailandensis E264. / Irorere, Victor; Smyth, Thomas J. P.; Cobice, Diego; McClean, S; Marchant, R; Banat, Ibrahim.

In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol. 102, No. 14, 12.05.2018, p. 6163-6174.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fatty acid synthesis pathway provides lipid precursors for rhamnolipid biosynthesis in Burkholderia thailandensis E264

AU - Irorere, Victor

AU - Smyth, Thomas J. P.

AU - Cobice, Diego

AU - McClean, S

AU - Marchant, R

AU - Banat, Ibrahim

N1 - Acceptance date is listed on the uploaded manuscript

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N2 - Rhamnolipid production was monitored for a period of 216 h using different substrates in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Burkholderia thailandensis E264 which showed comparable crude yields attained by both after 216 h. The crude yield for P. aeruginosa, however, was significantly higher at the early stages of fermentation (72 or 144 h). Additionally, P. aeruginosa produced rhamnolipid with odd and even carbon chain lipid moieties using odd carbon chain fatty acid substrates (up to 45.97 and 67.57%, respectively). In contrast, B. thailandensis produced rhamnolipid with predominantly even carbon chain lipid moieties (up to 99.26). These results indicate the use of the fatty acid synthesis (FAS II) pathway as the main source of lipid precursors in rhamnolipid biosynthesis by B. thailandensis. Isotope tracing using 0.25% stearic acid – d 35 + 1% glycerol as carbon substrate showed a single pattern of deuterium incorporation: with predominantly less than 15 deuterium atoms incorporated into a single Di-C14-C14 rhamnolipid molecule. This further indicates that the FAS II pathway is the main source of the lipid precursor in rhamnolipid biosynthesis by B. thailandensis. The pathogenicity of these strains was also assessed, and results showed that B. thailandensis is significantly less pathogenic than P. aeruginosa with an LC50 at 24 h > 2500, approximately three logs higher than P. aeruginosa using the Galleria mellonella larva model.

AB - Rhamnolipid production was monitored for a period of 216 h using different substrates in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and Burkholderia thailandensis E264 which showed comparable crude yields attained by both after 216 h. The crude yield for P. aeruginosa, however, was significantly higher at the early stages of fermentation (72 or 144 h). Additionally, P. aeruginosa produced rhamnolipid with odd and even carbon chain lipid moieties using odd carbon chain fatty acid substrates (up to 45.97 and 67.57%, respectively). In contrast, B. thailandensis produced rhamnolipid with predominantly even carbon chain lipid moieties (up to 99.26). These results indicate the use of the fatty acid synthesis (FAS II) pathway as the main source of lipid precursors in rhamnolipid biosynthesis by B. thailandensis. Isotope tracing using 0.25% stearic acid – d 35 + 1% glycerol as carbon substrate showed a single pattern of deuterium incorporation: with predominantly less than 15 deuterium atoms incorporated into a single Di-C14-C14 rhamnolipid molecule. This further indicates that the FAS II pathway is the main source of the lipid precursor in rhamnolipid biosynthesis by B. thailandensis. The pathogenicity of these strains was also assessed, and results showed that B. thailandensis is significantly less pathogenic than P. aeruginosa with an LC50 at 24 h > 2500, approximately three logs higher than P. aeruginosa using the Galleria mellonella larva model.

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JF - Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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ER -