Fate and levels of steroid oestrogens and androgens in waste stabilisation ponds: quantification by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry

Heather M. Coleman, N. Le-Minh, S. J. Khan, M. D. Short, C. Chernicharo, R. M. Stuetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The capacity for removing wastewater-borne endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) was investigated for two wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) incorporating waste stabilisation ponds (WSPs) as the principal treatment technology. Samples were analysed for a number of steroidal oestrogens and androgens using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Removal efficiency for steroid androgens was high for both WWTPs (93–100%) but WSP treatment was observed to be less effective for removing steroid oestrogens, particularly oestriol.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677
JournalWater Science & Technology
Volume61
Issue number3
Early online date1 Feb 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010

Keywords

  • oestrogens
  • androgens
  • waste stabilisation ponds
  • liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

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