The capacity for removing wastewater-borne endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) was investigated for two wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) incorporating waste stabilisation ponds (WSPs) as the principal treatment technology. Samples were analysed for a number of steroidal oestrogens and androgens using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Removal efficiency for steroid androgens was high for both WWTPs (93–100%) but WSP treatment was observed to be less effective for removing steroid oestrogens, particularly oestriol.
- waste stabilisation ponds
- liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
Coleman, H. M., Le-Minh, N., Khan, S. J., Short, M. D., Chernicharo, C., & Stuetz, R. M. (2010). Fate and levels of steroid oestrogens and androgens in waste stabilisation ponds: quantification by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. Water Science & Technology, 61(3), 677. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2010.950