Fast and reliable QRS alignment technique for high-frequency analysis of signal-averaged ECG

OJ Escalona, RH Mitchell, DE Balderson, DWG Harron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The process of QRS alignment as required in signal-averaged ECG can impose serious limitations on the spectral range of the signal output. This effect depends basically on the particular alignment technique being used and on the level and type of noise present in the recorded ECG. In clinical studies where a wide-band (1000 Hz) ECG averager is required, the conventional QRS alignment technique, based on maximum coherence matching (MCM) with a template beat, may not perform consistently well. An alternative QRS alignment technique based on the accurate detection of a single fiducial point (SFP) in the bandpass filtered (3-30 Hz) QRS complex was developed. Using computer simulation methods, a comparative assessment of the frequency bandwidths (3 dB points) offered by both MCM and SFP techniques as a function of noise level (15-100 μRMS) and type (EMG and 50 Hz interference), was carried out. The results of the comparative assessment indicated a better performance by the SFP technique in all cases of noise. Hence, the SFP technique would perform more reliably for high-frequency analysis of a noisy ECG, especially when 50 Hz interference is high. Furthermore, SFP is considerably faster than MCM (about four times) when implemented digitially, and its analogue realisation is feasible. The SFP technique is suitable for late-potential analysis in the signal-averaged ECG.An alternative QRS alignment technique based on the accurate detection of a single fiducial point (SFP) in the bandpass filtered (3-30 Hz) QRS complex was developed. The results of the comparative assessment indicated a better performance by the SFP technique in all cases of noise. Hence, the SFP technique would perform more reliably for high-frequency analysis of a noisy ECG, especially when 50 Hz interference is high. Furthermore, SFP is considerably faster than MCM (about four times) when implemented digitally, and its analogue realization is feasible. The SFP technique is suitable for late-potential analysis in the signal-averaged ECG.
LanguageEnglish
PagesS137-S146
JournalMedical and Biological Engineering and Computing
Volume31
Issue number4 Supp
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 1993

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Electrocardiography
Bioelectric potentials
Bandwidth
Computer simulation

Keywords

  • Alignment technique
  • Coherent averaging
  • Computer simulation
  • High frequency ECG
  • Late potentials
  • Noise
  • Signal averaged ECG
  • Trigger jotter
  • Bioelectric potentials
  • Biomedical engineering
  • comparative study
  • computer simulation
  • conference paper
  • electrocardiogram
  • noise
  • qrs complex
  • signal Processing.

Cite this

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abstract = "The process of QRS alignment as required in signal-averaged ECG can impose serious limitations on the spectral range of the signal output. This effect depends basically on the particular alignment technique being used and on the level and type of noise present in the recorded ECG. In clinical studies where a wide-band (1000 Hz) ECG averager is required, the conventional QRS alignment technique, based on maximum coherence matching (MCM) with a template beat, may not perform consistently well. An alternative QRS alignment technique based on the accurate detection of a single fiducial point (SFP) in the bandpass filtered (3-30 Hz) QRS complex was developed. Using computer simulation methods, a comparative assessment of the frequency bandwidths (3 dB points) offered by both MCM and SFP techniques as a function of noise level (15-100 μRMS) and type (EMG and 50 Hz interference), was carried out. The results of the comparative assessment indicated a better performance by the SFP technique in all cases of noise. Hence, the SFP technique would perform more reliably for high-frequency analysis of a noisy ECG, especially when 50 Hz interference is high. Furthermore, SFP is considerably faster than MCM (about four times) when implemented digitially, and its analogue realisation is feasible. The SFP technique is suitable for late-potential analysis in the signal-averaged ECG.An alternative QRS alignment technique based on the accurate detection of a single fiducial point (SFP) in the bandpass filtered (3-30 Hz) QRS complex was developed. The results of the comparative assessment indicated a better performance by the SFP technique in all cases of noise. Hence, the SFP technique would perform more reliably for high-frequency analysis of a noisy ECG, especially when 50 Hz interference is high. Furthermore, SFP is considerably faster than MCM (about four times) when implemented digitally, and its analogue realization is feasible. The SFP technique is suitable for late-potential analysis in the signal-averaged ECG.",
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Fast and reliable QRS alignment technique for high-frequency analysis of signal-averaged ECG. / Escalona, OJ; Mitchell, RH; Balderson, DE; Harron, DWG.

In: Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, Vol. 31, No. 4 Supp, 15.07.1993, p. S137-S146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mitchell, RH

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AU - Harron, DWG

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N2 - The process of QRS alignment as required in signal-averaged ECG can impose serious limitations on the spectral range of the signal output. This effect depends basically on the particular alignment technique being used and on the level and type of noise present in the recorded ECG. In clinical studies where a wide-band (1000 Hz) ECG averager is required, the conventional QRS alignment technique, based on maximum coherence matching (MCM) with a template beat, may not perform consistently well. An alternative QRS alignment technique based on the accurate detection of a single fiducial point (SFP) in the bandpass filtered (3-30 Hz) QRS complex was developed. Using computer simulation methods, a comparative assessment of the frequency bandwidths (3 dB points) offered by both MCM and SFP techniques as a function of noise level (15-100 μRMS) and type (EMG and 50 Hz interference), was carried out. The results of the comparative assessment indicated a better performance by the SFP technique in all cases of noise. Hence, the SFP technique would perform more reliably for high-frequency analysis of a noisy ECG, especially when 50 Hz interference is high. Furthermore, SFP is considerably faster than MCM (about four times) when implemented digitially, and its analogue realisation is feasible. The SFP technique is suitable for late-potential analysis in the signal-averaged ECG.An alternative QRS alignment technique based on the accurate detection of a single fiducial point (SFP) in the bandpass filtered (3-30 Hz) QRS complex was developed. The results of the comparative assessment indicated a better performance by the SFP technique in all cases of noise. Hence, the SFP technique would perform more reliably for high-frequency analysis of a noisy ECG, especially when 50 Hz interference is high. Furthermore, SFP is considerably faster than MCM (about four times) when implemented digitally, and its analogue realization is feasible. The SFP technique is suitable for late-potential analysis in the signal-averaged ECG.

AB - The process of QRS alignment as required in signal-averaged ECG can impose serious limitations on the spectral range of the signal output. This effect depends basically on the particular alignment technique being used and on the level and type of noise present in the recorded ECG. In clinical studies where a wide-band (1000 Hz) ECG averager is required, the conventional QRS alignment technique, based on maximum coherence matching (MCM) with a template beat, may not perform consistently well. An alternative QRS alignment technique based on the accurate detection of a single fiducial point (SFP) in the bandpass filtered (3-30 Hz) QRS complex was developed. Using computer simulation methods, a comparative assessment of the frequency bandwidths (3 dB points) offered by both MCM and SFP techniques as a function of noise level (15-100 μRMS) and type (EMG and 50 Hz interference), was carried out. The results of the comparative assessment indicated a better performance by the SFP technique in all cases of noise. Hence, the SFP technique would perform more reliably for high-frequency analysis of a noisy ECG, especially when 50 Hz interference is high. Furthermore, SFP is considerably faster than MCM (about four times) when implemented digitially, and its analogue realisation is feasible. The SFP technique is suitable for late-potential analysis in the signal-averaged ECG.An alternative QRS alignment technique based on the accurate detection of a single fiducial point (SFP) in the bandpass filtered (3-30 Hz) QRS complex was developed. The results of the comparative assessment indicated a better performance by the SFP technique in all cases of noise. Hence, the SFP technique would perform more reliably for high-frequency analysis of a noisy ECG, especially when 50 Hz interference is high. Furthermore, SFP is considerably faster than MCM (about four times) when implemented digitally, and its analogue realization is feasible. The SFP technique is suitable for late-potential analysis in the signal-averaged ECG.

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KW - Coherent averaging

KW - Computer simulation

KW - High frequency ECG

KW - Late potentials

KW - Noise

KW - Signal averaged ECG

KW - Trigger jotter

KW - Bioelectric potentials

KW - Biomedical engineering

KW - comparative study

KW - computer simulation

KW - conference paper

KW - electrocardiogram

KW - noise

KW - qrs complex

KW - signal Processing.

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