Factors impacting resilience as a result of exposure to COVID-19: The ecological resilience model

Anna Panzeri, Marco Bertamini, Sarah Butter, Liat Levita, Jilly Gibson‐Miller, Giulio Vidotto, Richard Bentall, Kate M Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)
29 Downloads (Pure)


Despite the severe psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, some individuals do not develop high levels of psychological distress and can be termed resilient. Using the ecological resilience model, we examined factors promoting or hindering resilience in the COVID-19 pandemic. Of the 1034 participants (49.9±16.2 years; females 51.2%) from Italian general population, 70% displayed resilient outcomes and 30% reported moderate-severe anxiety and/or depression. A binary regression model revealed that factors promoting resilience were mostly psychological (e.g., trait resilience, conscientiousness) together with social distancing. Conversely, factors hindering resilience included COVID-19-anxiety, COVID-19-related PTSD symptoms, intolerance of uncertainty, loneliness, living with children, higher education, and living in regions where the virus was starting to spread. In conclusion, the ecological resilience model in the COVID-19 pandemic explained 64% of the variance and identified factors promoting or hindering resilient outcomes. Critically, these findings can inform psychological interventions supporting individuals by strengthening factors associated with resilience.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0256041
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number8
Early online date18 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished online - 18 Aug 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Factors impacting resilience as a result of exposure to COVID-19: The ecological resilience model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this