Factors Associated with Suicide in Four Age Groups: A Population Based Study

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background; Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. Aims; Four age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts and life events prior to death. Methods; Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide and undetermined intent based on data in the NI coronial files from 2005-2011 (N=1667). Results; Hanging is very prominent as a method of death within the under 20 age group. Women who die by suicide are more likely to have a known mental disorder than men, and the proportions increase with age group. Relationship difficulties are associated with many of these deaths and particularly for males aged under 40 years. Physical health and life events were more relevant than mental illness per se, in males aged over 61 yearsLimitations: For a sizeable proportion of the cases included in the current database there was no information on the life events prior to deathConclusions; Understanding the factors associated with suicide across age groups is essential to informing suicide prevention strategy and programmes and the development of more nuanced and effective interventions.
LanguageEnglish
Pages128-138
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Volume22
Issue number1
Early online date22 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Suicide
Age Groups
Population
Mental Disorders
Databases
Program Development
Occupations
Health

Keywords

  • suicide
  • age groups
  • Northern Ireland

Cite this

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title = "Factors Associated with Suicide in Four Age Groups: A Population Based Study",
abstract = "Background; Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. Aims; Four age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts and life events prior to death. Methods; Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide and undetermined intent based on data in the NI coronial files from 2005-2011 (N=1667). Results; Hanging is very prominent as a method of death within the under 20 age group. Women who die by suicide are more likely to have a known mental disorder than men, and the proportions increase with age group. Relationship difficulties are associated with many of these deaths and particularly for males aged under 40 years. Physical health and life events were more relevant than mental illness per se, in males aged over 61 yearsLimitations: For a sizeable proportion of the cases included in the current database there was no information on the life events prior to deathConclusions; Understanding the factors associated with suicide across age groups is essential to informing suicide prevention strategy and programmes and the development of more nuanced and effective interventions.",
keywords = "suicide, age groups, Northern Ireland",
author = "SM O'Neill and Edel Ennis and Colette Corry and Brendan Bunting",
note = "Reference text: Andrade, L.H., Alonso, J., Mneimneh, Z., et al. (2014). Barriers to mental health treatment: results from the WHO World Mental Health surveys. Psychological Medicine, 44(6), 1303-1317. Bunting, B.P., Murphy, S.D., O’Neill, S., et al. (2012). Lifetime prevalence of mental health disorders and delay in treatment following initial onset: evidence from the Northern Ireland study of health and stress. Psychological Medicine, 42(8), 1727-1739. Bunting, B.P., Murphy, S.D., O’Neill, S., et al. (2013). Prevalence and treatment of 12 month DMS-IV disorders in the Northern Ireland study of health and stress. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 48(1), 81-93. Corcocran, P., Griffin, E., Arensman, E., et al. (2015). Impact of the economic recession and subsequent austerity on suicide and self-harm in Ireland: an interrupted time series analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, 44(3), 969-977. De Leo, D., Draper, B.M., Snowdon, J. et al. (2013). Suicides in older adults: a case-control psychological autopsy study in Australia. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47(7), 980-988. Fassberg, M.M., Cheung, G., Canetto, S.S., et al. (2016). A systematic review of physical illness, functional disability, and suicidal behaviour among older adults. Aging and Mental Health, 20(2), 166-194 Foster, T., Gillespie, K., McClelland, R. (1997). Mental disorders and suicide in Northern Ireland. British Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 447–452. Joiner, T.E., 2005. Why People Die by Suicide. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. Kennelly, B. (2007). The economic cost of suicide in Ireland. Crisis, 28, 89-94 Klonsky, E.D., & May, A.M., (2014). Differentiating suicide attempters from suicide ideators: a critical frontier for suicidology research. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behaviour, 1, 1–5. Koo, Y.W., K{\~o}lves, K.., De Leo, D. (2016). Suicide in older adults: a comparison with middle-aged adults using the Queensland Suicide Register. International Psychogeriatrics., 17, 1-12. Martin-Carrasco, M., Evans-Lacko, S., Dom, G., et al. (2016). EPA guidance on mental health and economic crises in Europe. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 266(2), 89-124. National Confidential Inquiry (2016). National confidential inquiry into suicide and homicide by people with mental illness. Retrieved from: http://www.bbmh.manchester.ac.uk/cmhs/research/centreforsuicideprevention/nci/reports/NCISHReport2015bookmarked.pdf Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency Suicide Deaths (2014). Retrieved from: 〈http://www. nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp31.htm〉. Nock, M.K., Borges, G., Bromet, E.J., et al. (2008). Cross-national prevalence and risk factors for suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. British Journal of Psychiatry, 192(2), 98-105. Nock, M.K., Hwang, I., Sampson, N.A. et al. (2010). Mental disorders, comorbidity and suicidal behavior: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Molecular Psychiatry, 15(8), 868-876. Nock, M. K. and Prinstein, M.J. (2004). A functional approach to the assessment of self-mutilative behaviour. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 114(1), 140-146. O’Connor, R.C. (2011). The integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behaviour. Crisis, 32(6), 295–298. O’Connor, R.C., Rasmussen, S., & Hawton, K. (2014). Adolescent self-harm: a school-based study in Northern Ireland. Journal of Affective Disorders, 159, 46-52. O’Connor, R.C., & Nock, M.K. (2014). The psychology of suicidal behaviour. Lancet Psychiatry, 1, 73-85. O’Neill, S., Ferry, F., Murphy, S., et al. (2014a). Patterns of behaviour in Northern Ireland and associations with conflict related trauma. PlosOne, 9(3), e91532. O’Neill, S., Corry, C.V., Murphy, S., et al., (2014b). Characteristics of death by suicide in Northern Ireland from 2005 to 2011 and use of health services prior to death. Journal of Affective Disorders, 168, 466-471. O’Neill, S., Armour, C., Bolton, D., et al. (2015). Towards A Better Future: The Trans-generational Impact of the Troubles on Mental Health. Commission for Victims and Survivors; Belfast, N. Ireland. O’Neill, S., Corry, C., McFeeters, D., et al. (2016). Suicide in Northern Ireland: an analysis of gender differences in demographic, psychological and contextual factors. Crisis-The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide, 37(1), 13-20. Rodway, C., Tham, S.G., Ibrahim, S., Turnbull, P., Windfuhr, W., Shaw, J., Kapur, N., & Appleby, L. (inpress). Suicide in children and young people in England: a consecutive case series. The Lancet Psychiatry, in press. Snowcroft, E. (2013).Samaritans Suicide Statistics Report 2013. Data for 2009–2011. Samaritans. Retrieved from: 〈http://www.samaritans.org/sites/default/files/kcfinder/files/research/ Samaritans{\%}20Suicide{\%}20Statistics{\%}20Report{\%}202013.pdf〉 (accessed21.04.14). Stanley, I.H., Hom, M.A., Rogers, M.L., et al. (2016). Understanding suicide among older adults: a review of psychological and sociological theories of suicide. Aging and Mental Health, 20(2), 113-122. Tomlinson, M. (2012). War, peace and suicide: the case of Northern Ireland. International Sociology, 27, 464. World Health Organisation (WHO) (2014). Preventing suicide; a global imperative. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/mental_health/suicide-prevention/world_report_2014/en/",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1080/13811118.2017.1283265",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "128--138",
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Factors Associated with Suicide in Four Age Groups: A Population Based Study. / O'Neill, SM; Ennis, Edel; Corry, Colette; Bunting, Brendan.

In: Archives of Suicide Research, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2018, p. 128-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors Associated with Suicide in Four Age Groups: A Population Based Study

AU - O'Neill, SM

AU - Ennis, Edel

AU - Corry, Colette

AU - Bunting, Brendan

N1 - Reference text: Andrade, L.H., Alonso, J., Mneimneh, Z., et al. (2014). Barriers to mental health treatment: results from the WHO World Mental Health surveys. Psychological Medicine, 44(6), 1303-1317. Bunting, B.P., Murphy, S.D., O’Neill, S., et al. (2012). Lifetime prevalence of mental health disorders and delay in treatment following initial onset: evidence from the Northern Ireland study of health and stress. Psychological Medicine, 42(8), 1727-1739. Bunting, B.P., Murphy, S.D., O’Neill, S., et al. (2013). Prevalence and treatment of 12 month DMS-IV disorders in the Northern Ireland study of health and stress. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 48(1), 81-93. Corcocran, P., Griffin, E., Arensman, E., et al. (2015). Impact of the economic recession and subsequent austerity on suicide and self-harm in Ireland: an interrupted time series analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, 44(3), 969-977. De Leo, D., Draper, B.M., Snowdon, J. et al. (2013). Suicides in older adults: a case-control psychological autopsy study in Australia. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47(7), 980-988. Fassberg, M.M., Cheung, G., Canetto, S.S., et al. (2016). A systematic review of physical illness, functional disability, and suicidal behaviour among older adults. Aging and Mental Health, 20(2), 166-194 Foster, T., Gillespie, K., McClelland, R. (1997). Mental disorders and suicide in Northern Ireland. British Journal of Psychiatry, 170, 447–452. Joiner, T.E., 2005. Why People Die by Suicide. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA. Kennelly, B. (2007). The economic cost of suicide in Ireland. Crisis, 28, 89-94 Klonsky, E.D., & May, A.M., (2014). Differentiating suicide attempters from suicide ideators: a critical frontier for suicidology research. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behaviour, 1, 1–5. Koo, Y.W., Kõlves, K.., De Leo, D. (2016). Suicide in older adults: a comparison with middle-aged adults using the Queensland Suicide Register. International Psychogeriatrics., 17, 1-12. Martin-Carrasco, M., Evans-Lacko, S., Dom, G., et al. (2016). EPA guidance on mental health and economic crises in Europe. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 266(2), 89-124. National Confidential Inquiry (2016). National confidential inquiry into suicide and homicide by people with mental illness. Retrieved from: http://www.bbmh.manchester.ac.uk/cmhs/research/centreforsuicideprevention/nci/reports/NCISHReport2015bookmarked.pdf Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency Suicide Deaths (2014). Retrieved from: 〈http://www. nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp31.htm〉. Nock, M.K., Borges, G., Bromet, E.J., et al. (2008). Cross-national prevalence and risk factors for suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. British Journal of Psychiatry, 192(2), 98-105. Nock, M.K., Hwang, I., Sampson, N.A. et al. (2010). Mental disorders, comorbidity and suicidal behavior: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Molecular Psychiatry, 15(8), 868-876. Nock, M. K. and Prinstein, M.J. (2004). A functional approach to the assessment of self-mutilative behaviour. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 114(1), 140-146. O’Connor, R.C. (2011). The integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behaviour. Crisis, 32(6), 295–298. O’Connor, R.C., Rasmussen, S., & Hawton, K. (2014). Adolescent self-harm: a school-based study in Northern Ireland. Journal of Affective Disorders, 159, 46-52. O’Connor, R.C., & Nock, M.K. (2014). The psychology of suicidal behaviour. Lancet Psychiatry, 1, 73-85. O’Neill, S., Ferry, F., Murphy, S., et al. (2014a). Patterns of behaviour in Northern Ireland and associations with conflict related trauma. PlosOne, 9(3), e91532. O’Neill, S., Corry, C.V., Murphy, S., et al., (2014b). Characteristics of death by suicide in Northern Ireland from 2005 to 2011 and use of health services prior to death. Journal of Affective Disorders, 168, 466-471. O’Neill, S., Armour, C., Bolton, D., et al. (2015). Towards A Better Future: The Trans-generational Impact of the Troubles on Mental Health. Commission for Victims and Survivors; Belfast, N. Ireland. O’Neill, S., Corry, C., McFeeters, D., et al. (2016). Suicide in Northern Ireland: an analysis of gender differences in demographic, psychological and contextual factors. Crisis-The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide, 37(1), 13-20. Rodway, C., Tham, S.G., Ibrahim, S., Turnbull, P., Windfuhr, W., Shaw, J., Kapur, N., & Appleby, L. (inpress). Suicide in children and young people in England: a consecutive case series. The Lancet Psychiatry, in press. Snowcroft, E. (2013).Samaritans Suicide Statistics Report 2013. Data for 2009–2011. Samaritans. Retrieved from: 〈http://www.samaritans.org/sites/default/files/kcfinder/files/research/ Samaritans%20Suicide%20Statistics%20Report%202013.pdf〉 (accessed21.04.14). Stanley, I.H., Hom, M.A., Rogers, M.L., et al. (2016). Understanding suicide among older adults: a review of psychological and sociological theories of suicide. Aging and Mental Health, 20(2), 113-122. Tomlinson, M. (2012). War, peace and suicide: the case of Northern Ireland. International Sociology, 27, 464. World Health Organisation (WHO) (2014). Preventing suicide; a global imperative. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/mental_health/suicide-prevention/world_report_2014/en/

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background; Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. Aims; Four age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts and life events prior to death. Methods; Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide and undetermined intent based on data in the NI coronial files from 2005-2011 (N=1667). Results; Hanging is very prominent as a method of death within the under 20 age group. Women who die by suicide are more likely to have a known mental disorder than men, and the proportions increase with age group. Relationship difficulties are associated with many of these deaths and particularly for males aged under 40 years. Physical health and life events were more relevant than mental illness per se, in males aged over 61 yearsLimitations: For a sizeable proportion of the cases included in the current database there was no information on the life events prior to deathConclusions; Understanding the factors associated with suicide across age groups is essential to informing suicide prevention strategy and programmes and the development of more nuanced and effective interventions.

AB - Background; Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. Aims; Four age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts and life events prior to death. Methods; Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide and undetermined intent based on data in the NI coronial files from 2005-2011 (N=1667). Results; Hanging is very prominent as a method of death within the under 20 age group. Women who die by suicide are more likely to have a known mental disorder than men, and the proportions increase with age group. Relationship difficulties are associated with many of these deaths and particularly for males aged under 40 years. Physical health and life events were more relevant than mental illness per se, in males aged over 61 yearsLimitations: For a sizeable proportion of the cases included in the current database there was no information on the life events prior to deathConclusions; Understanding the factors associated with suicide across age groups is essential to informing suicide prevention strategy and programmes and the development of more nuanced and effective interventions.

KW - suicide

KW - age groups

KW - Northern Ireland

U2 - 10.1080/13811118.2017.1283265

DO - 10.1080/13811118.2017.1283265

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 128

EP - 138

JO - Archives of Suicide Research

T2 - Archives of Suicide Research

JF - Archives of Suicide Research

SN - 1381-1118

IS - 1

ER -