Factors Associated with Suicide in Four Age Groups: A Population Based Study

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Abstract

Background; Life events and circumstances leading to death change throughout the life course. Aims; Four age groups within those who have died by suicide are compared in terms method of suicide, sex, occupation, mental disorders, prior suicide attempts and life events prior to death. Methods; Analyses were based on a database of deaths by suicide and undetermined intent based on data in the NI coronial files from 2005-2011 (N=1667). Results; Hanging is very prominent as a method of death within the under 20 age group. Women who die by suicide are more likely to have a known mental disorder than men, and the proportions increase with age group. Relationship difficulties are associated with many of these deaths and particularly for males aged under 40 years. Physical health and life events were more relevant than mental illness per se, in males aged over 61 yearsLimitations: For a sizeable proportion of the cases included in the current database there was no information on the life events prior to deathConclusions; Understanding the factors associated with suicide across age groups is essential to informing suicide prevention strategy and programmes and the development of more nuanced and effective interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-138
JournalArchives of Suicide Research
Volume22
Issue number1
Early online date22 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • suicide
  • age groups
  • Northern Ireland

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