Factors Affecting Spatial Autocorrelation in Residential Property Prices

Daniel Lo, Kwong Wing Chau, Siu Kei Wong, Michael McCord, M Haran

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Abstract

Within housing literature, the presence of spatial autocorrelation (S.A) in house prices is typically examined horizontally in a two-dimensional setting. However, in the context of apartment buildings, there is also a vertical component of S.A. for housing units located on different floor levels. This paper therefore explores the determinants of both horizontal and vertical S.A. within residential property prices. First, we posit that S.A. in house prices is a consequence of the price discovery process of real estate, in which property traders acquire price information from recent market transactions (i.e. comparables) to value a subject property. Further, we contend that the extent to which property traders rely on comparables to determine house prices is governed by the liquidity and volatility conditions of the market, which in turn affects the magnitude of the S.A.. By developing and testing several spatial autoregressive hedonic models using open market transaction data for the Hong Kong residential property market, we find that market liquidity tends to increase both vertical and horizontal S.A., whilst market volatility is more prone to increase vertical S.A. but depress horizontal S.A..
Original languageEnglish
Article number931
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalLand
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Spatial autocorrelation
  • spatial hedonic modelling
  • residential real estate price
  • Liquidity
  • Volatility

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