Factor Structure of the CES-D and Measurement Invariance Across Gender in Mainland Chinese Adolescents

Mengcheng Wang, Cherie Armour, Yan Wu, Fen Ren, Xiongzhao Zhu, Shuqiao Yao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:The primary aim was to examine the depressive symptom structure of Mainland China adolescents using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D).DESIGN:Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were simultaneously conducted to determine the structure of the CES-D in a large scale, representative adolescent samples recruited from Mainland China. Multigroup CFA (N = 5059, 48% boys, mean = 16.55±1.06) was utilized to test the factorial invariance of the depressive symptom structure, which was generated by EFA and confirmed by CFA across gender.RESULTS:The CES-D can be interpreted in terms of 3 symptom dimensions. Additionally, factorial invariance of the new proposed model across gender was supported at all assuming different degrees of invariance.CONCLUSION:Mainland Chinese adolescents have specific depressive symptom structure, which is consistent across gender.
LanguageEnglish
Pages966-979
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume69
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Epidemiologic Studies
Statistical Factor Analysis
Depression
China
Invariance
Depressive Symptoms
Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Factor Analysis
Mainland China

Keywords

  • CES-D
  • Chinese adolescent
  • depressive symptom
  • factor structure
  • factorial invariance

Cite this

Wang, Mengcheng ; Armour, Cherie ; Wu, Yan ; Ren, Fen ; Zhu, Xiongzhao ; Yao, Shuqiao. / Factor Structure of the CES-D and Measurement Invariance Across Gender in Mainland Chinese Adolescents. In: Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2013 ; Vol. 69, No. 9. pp. 966-979.
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Factor Structure of the CES-D and Measurement Invariance Across Gender in Mainland Chinese Adolescents. / Wang, Mengcheng; Armour, Cherie; Wu, Yan; Ren, Fen; Zhu, Xiongzhao; Yao, Shuqiao.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 69, No. 9, 2013, p. 966-979.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - OBJECTIVES:The primary aim was to examine the depressive symptom structure of Mainland China adolescents using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D).DESIGN:Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were simultaneously conducted to determine the structure of the CES-D in a large scale, representative adolescent samples recruited from Mainland China. Multigroup CFA (N = 5059, 48% boys, mean = 16.55±1.06) was utilized to test the factorial invariance of the depressive symptom structure, which was generated by EFA and confirmed by CFA across gender.RESULTS:The CES-D can be interpreted in terms of 3 symptom dimensions. Additionally, factorial invariance of the new proposed model across gender was supported at all assuming different degrees of invariance.CONCLUSION:Mainland Chinese adolescents have specific depressive symptom structure, which is consistent across gender.

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