Eye tracking in child computer interaction: Challenges and opportunities

Gavin Sim, RR Bond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Downloads (Pure)


Eye trackers allow for the collection of eye gaze data. These data can include eye gaze points which are two dimensional Cartesian coordinates (x, y) that represent a point on a screen (for screen based eye trackers) or points in a natural real-world environment (e.g. at home, school or a supermarket). Advances in eye tracking technology have resulted in less intrusive devices being developed that open up opportunities for the child computer interaction community (CCI) to understand how children interact with digital technologies and offer new insights into their cognitive processing. This paper reports the results of a literature review of three digital libraries using the Quorom technique, to identify research that aligns with the core themes of CCI researchers. In total 66 papers were identified that related to the themes design, education, programming and interaction design. The results highlighted that eye tracking studies with children have relatively small sample sizes (median n = 11) and that the median age of the children participating in the studies is 10.3 (inter-quartile range = 3.955). The metrics used within eye tracking research is predominately fixation duration and fixations within areas of interest. The paper contributes to a critique of existing methodological challenges to ensure quality data is obtained from studies involving children. In addition, this paper identified that there are clear opportunities to further understand children's interaction with digital technology using other metrics such as pupillometry and blinks to understand phenomenon including cognitive load and arousal which may be useful for user experience research.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100345
JournalInternational Journal of Child-Computer Interaction
Early online date17 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished online - 17 Jun 2021


  • eye tracking
  • HCI
  • UX
  • child-computer interaction


Dive into the research topics of 'Eye tracking in child computer interaction: Challenges and opportunities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this