Extreme wave activity during 2013/2014 winter and morphological impacts along the Atlantic coast of Europe

G. Masselink, B. Castelle, T. Scott, G. Dodet, S. Suanez, D.W.T. Jackson, F. Floc’h

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies of coastal vulnerability due to climate change tend to focus on the consequences of sealevel rise, rather than the complex coastal responses resulting from changes to the extreme wave climate. Here we investigate the 2013/2014 winter wave conditions that severely impacted the Atlantic coast of Europe and demonstrate that this winter was the most energetic along most of the Atlantic coast of Europe since at least 1948. Along exposed open-coast sites, extensive beach and dune erosion occurred due to offshore sediment transport. More sheltered sites experienced less erosion and one of the sites even experienced accretion due to beach rotation induced by alongshore sediment transport. Storm wave conditions such as were encountered during the 2013/2014 winter have the potential to dramatically change the equilibrium state (beach gradient, coastal alignment, and nearshore bar position) of beaches along the Atlantic coast of Europe.
LanguageEnglish
Pages2135-2143
Number of pages9
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume43
Issue number5
Early online date15 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2016

Fingerprint

beaches
coasts
winter
beach
sediment transport
coast
erosion
dunes
wave climate
vulnerability
climate change
climate
dune
energetics
alignment
accretion
gradients
Europe

Keywords

  • waves
  • storms
  • beaches
  • Atlantic
  • Europe

Cite this

Masselink, G. ; Castelle, B. ; Scott, T. ; Dodet, G. ; Suanez, S. ; Jackson, D.W.T. ; Floc’h, F. / Extreme wave activity during 2013/2014 winter and morphological impacts along the Atlantic coast of Europe. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 43, No. 5. pp. 2135-2143.
@article{f3a39ee04cf4434fb0a265be557f36d9,
title = "Extreme wave activity during 2013/2014 winter and morphological impacts along the Atlantic coast of Europe",
abstract = "Studies of coastal vulnerability due to climate change tend to focus on the consequences of sealevel rise, rather than the complex coastal responses resulting from changes to the extreme wave climate. Here we investigate the 2013/2014 winter wave conditions that severely impacted the Atlantic coast of Europe and demonstrate that this winter was the most energetic along most of the Atlantic coast of Europe since at least 1948. Along exposed open-coast sites, extensive beach and dune erosion occurred due to offshore sediment transport. More sheltered sites experienced less erosion and one of the sites even experienced accretion due to beach rotation induced by alongshore sediment transport. Storm wave conditions such as were encountered during the 2013/2014 winter have the potential to dramatically change the equilibrium state (beach gradient, coastal alignment, and nearshore bar position) of beaches along the Atlantic coast of Europe.",
keywords = "waves, storms, beaches, Atlantic, Europe",
author = "G. Masselink and B. Castelle and T. Scott and G. Dodet and S. Suanez and D.W.T. Jackson and F. Floc’h",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1002/2015GL067492",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "2135--2143",
journal = "Geophysical Research Letters",
issn = "0094-8276",
number = "5",

}

Extreme wave activity during 2013/2014 winter and morphological impacts along the Atlantic coast of Europe. / Masselink, G.; Castelle, B.; Scott, T.; Dodet, G.; Suanez, S.; Jackson, D.W.T.; Floc’h, F.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, No. 5, 16.03.2016, p. 2135-2143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Extreme wave activity during 2013/2014 winter and morphological impacts along the Atlantic coast of Europe

AU - Masselink, G.

AU - Castelle, B.

AU - Scott, T.

AU - Dodet, G.

AU - Suanez, S.

AU - Jackson, D.W.T.

AU - Floc’h, F.

PY - 2016/3/16

Y1 - 2016/3/16

N2 - Studies of coastal vulnerability due to climate change tend to focus on the consequences of sealevel rise, rather than the complex coastal responses resulting from changes to the extreme wave climate. Here we investigate the 2013/2014 winter wave conditions that severely impacted the Atlantic coast of Europe and demonstrate that this winter was the most energetic along most of the Atlantic coast of Europe since at least 1948. Along exposed open-coast sites, extensive beach and dune erosion occurred due to offshore sediment transport. More sheltered sites experienced less erosion and one of the sites even experienced accretion due to beach rotation induced by alongshore sediment transport. Storm wave conditions such as were encountered during the 2013/2014 winter have the potential to dramatically change the equilibrium state (beach gradient, coastal alignment, and nearshore bar position) of beaches along the Atlantic coast of Europe.

AB - Studies of coastal vulnerability due to climate change tend to focus on the consequences of sealevel rise, rather than the complex coastal responses resulting from changes to the extreme wave climate. Here we investigate the 2013/2014 winter wave conditions that severely impacted the Atlantic coast of Europe and demonstrate that this winter was the most energetic along most of the Atlantic coast of Europe since at least 1948. Along exposed open-coast sites, extensive beach and dune erosion occurred due to offshore sediment transport. More sheltered sites experienced less erosion and one of the sites even experienced accretion due to beach rotation induced by alongshore sediment transport. Storm wave conditions such as were encountered during the 2013/2014 winter have the potential to dramatically change the equilibrium state (beach gradient, coastal alignment, and nearshore bar position) of beaches along the Atlantic coast of Europe.

KW - waves

KW - storms

KW - beaches

KW - Atlantic

KW - Europe

U2 - 10.1002/2015GL067492

DO - 10.1002/2015GL067492

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 2135

EP - 2143

JO - Geophysical Research Letters

T2 - Geophysical Research Letters

JF - Geophysical Research Letters

SN - 0094-8276

IS - 5

ER -