Extending the university mission and business model: Influences and Implications

Kristel Miller, James Cunningham, Erik Lehmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)
128 Downloads (Pure)


Over the past 20 years, universities have been faced with sustained change, driven by external factors. This has led to the evolution of the teaching and research mission and the creation and rise of the third mission. Such mission extension has led to the emergence of entrepreneurial universities which has seen a move from traditional research and teaching business models, to business models which incorporate a much wider range of activities, to meet stakeholder demands as well as sustaining and growing universities in the era of intense national and international competition. This special issue extends knowledge by providing novel insights into the multidimensional antecedent contextual influences, consequences and implications of university mission expansion. We also provide a foundational research agenda which will help guide future research exploring the changing and expanding university missions and business models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)915-925
Number of pages11
JournalStudies in Higher Education
Issue number5
Early online date10 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished online - 10 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Society for Research into Higher Education.

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Entrepreneurial Universities; Third Mission; Universities; University Business Models; University Mission Expansion; Technology Transfer
  • Entrepreneurial universities
  • universities
  • third mission
  • technology transfer
  • university mission expansion
  • university business models


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