Exploring the Theoretical Frameworks of Health Promotion for People with Intellectual Disabilities

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the theoretical frameworks of health promotion for people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Method: A qualitative methodology was employed. Thirteen semi-structured telephone interviews were undertaken with a range of international academic, research and clinical experts in the field of health promotion to explore the theoretical frameworks of this topic applied to people with ID. Nine focus groups were then undertaken with staff, families and services users to ascertain their understanding of health promotion. Interviews were analysed using Newell and Burnard’s thematic content analysis Framework.Results: A number of inter-related themes were identified: the facilitation of health promotion; enablement and the need for knowledge and personalisation; advocacy through sharing & collaboration; and mediation and the need to challenge attitudes to ensure equality.Conclusion: Health promotion involves the combination of a top-down approach to develop public policy and re-orient the focus of health services. Although a bottom-up approach is also required to develop the personal skills of all (service users, families, staff, healthcare practitioners and the wider community) to strengthen community support. These findings highlight the lack of a health promotion theoretical framework that is required to improve the health of people with ID.
LanguageEnglish
Pages302
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Fingerprint

Disabled Persons
Health Promotion
Intellectual Disability
health promotion
disability
Interviews
staff
personalization
telephone interview
Public Policy
Focus Groups
Health Services
community
mediation
equality
content analysis
health service
public policy
expert
Delivery of Health Care

Cite this

@article{7be95db10d5f42fa8523440b8787ffd6,
title = "Exploring the Theoretical Frameworks of Health Promotion for People with Intellectual Disabilities",
abstract = "Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the theoretical frameworks of health promotion for people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Method: A qualitative methodology was employed. Thirteen semi-structured telephone interviews were undertaken with a range of international academic, research and clinical experts in the field of health promotion to explore the theoretical frameworks of this topic applied to people with ID. Nine focus groups were then undertaken with staff, families and services users to ascertain their understanding of health promotion. Interviews were analysed using Newell and Burnard’s thematic content analysis Framework.Results: A number of inter-related themes were identified: the facilitation of health promotion; enablement and the need for knowledge and personalisation; advocacy through sharing & collaboration; and mediation and the need to challenge attitudes to ensure equality.Conclusion: Health promotion involves the combination of a top-down approach to develop public policy and re-orient the focus of health services. Although a bottom-up approach is also required to develop the personal skills of all (service users, families, staff, healthcare practitioners and the wider community) to strengthen community support. These findings highlight the lack of a health promotion theoretical framework that is required to improve the health of people with ID.",
author = "Lisa Hanna-Trainor and Laurence Taggart and Eilis McCaughan",
year = "2014",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1111/jar.12107",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "302",
journal = "Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities",
issn = "1360-2322",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploring the Theoretical Frameworks of Health Promotion for People with Intellectual Disabilities

AU - Hanna-Trainor, Lisa

AU - Taggart, Laurence

AU - McCaughan, Eilis

PY - 2014/7

Y1 - 2014/7

N2 - Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the theoretical frameworks of health promotion for people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Method: A qualitative methodology was employed. Thirteen semi-structured telephone interviews were undertaken with a range of international academic, research and clinical experts in the field of health promotion to explore the theoretical frameworks of this topic applied to people with ID. Nine focus groups were then undertaken with staff, families and services users to ascertain their understanding of health promotion. Interviews were analysed using Newell and Burnard’s thematic content analysis Framework.Results: A number of inter-related themes were identified: the facilitation of health promotion; enablement and the need for knowledge and personalisation; advocacy through sharing & collaboration; and mediation and the need to challenge attitudes to ensure equality.Conclusion: Health promotion involves the combination of a top-down approach to develop public policy and re-orient the focus of health services. Although a bottom-up approach is also required to develop the personal skills of all (service users, families, staff, healthcare practitioners and the wider community) to strengthen community support. These findings highlight the lack of a health promotion theoretical framework that is required to improve the health of people with ID.

AB - Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the theoretical frameworks of health promotion for people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Method: A qualitative methodology was employed. Thirteen semi-structured telephone interviews were undertaken with a range of international academic, research and clinical experts in the field of health promotion to explore the theoretical frameworks of this topic applied to people with ID. Nine focus groups were then undertaken with staff, families and services users to ascertain their understanding of health promotion. Interviews were analysed using Newell and Burnard’s thematic content analysis Framework.Results: A number of inter-related themes were identified: the facilitation of health promotion; enablement and the need for knowledge and personalisation; advocacy through sharing & collaboration; and mediation and the need to challenge attitudes to ensure equality.Conclusion: Health promotion involves the combination of a top-down approach to develop public policy and re-orient the focus of health services. Although a bottom-up approach is also required to develop the personal skills of all (service users, families, staff, healthcare practitioners and the wider community) to strengthen community support. These findings highlight the lack of a health promotion theoretical framework that is required to improve the health of people with ID.

U2 - 10.1111/jar.12107

DO - 10.1111/jar.12107

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 302

JO - Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities

T2 - Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities

JF - Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities

SN - 1360-2322

IS - 4

ER -