Exploring the Impact of Tropical Cyclones on Oman’s Maritime Cultural Heritage through the Lens of Al-Baleed, Salalah (Dhofar Governorate)

Georgia Andreou, K Westley, Harmen Huigens, Lucy Blue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tropical cyclones are among the most detrimental hazards to the environment, societies, and economies, each year affecting millions of people and resulting in substantial casualties and material destructions in coastal communities. In this context, maritime cultural heritage, encompassing material evidence for the engagement of people with the sea, both on land and under water, is particularly vulnerable. Despite the significant number of archaeological sites exposed to tropical cyclones and other extreme sea-level events, maritime cultural heritage in the MENA region is rarely included in coastal vulnerability indices or incorporated in mitigation strategies, disaster management, sustainability, and resilience policies. In this study we examine the impact of tropical cyclones on the maritime archaeology of Oman with emphasis on the Dhofar region. This paper builds on existing coastal research in the Dhofar region—an area identified as the most cyclone-prone administrative region in Oman, but also an area that contains substantial archaeological remains. Central among Dhofar’s maritime cultural heritage is Al-Baleed, a Medieval seaport with unparalleled evidence of engagement with international trade networks.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Maritime Archaeology
Early online date20 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • Maritime archaeology
  • tropical cyclone
  • Oman
  • Arabian Peninsula

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