Exploring Perceptions of Group Processes in Ice Hockey Officiating

David J. Hancock, Luc J. Martin, M. Blair Evans, Kyle F. Paradis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
160 Downloads (Pure)


Understanding factors that influence sport officials' performance is vital to ensuring fair sport competition. Through semi-structured interviews (N = 17), we explored officials' perceptions of group processes that occurred among ice hockey officiating teams. Participant responses revealed numerous ways that group processes were present within officials' interactions, and two unique characteristics involved the transient nature of officiating groups (frequently performing with different officials) and intrateam competition pertaining to postseason assignments. In the discussion, we expand on the unique nature of officiating groups, synthesize activities in which officials seek to enhance groupness, and provide insights for future interventions and researchers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-240
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Issue number2
Early online date10 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 3 Apr 2018


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