Understanding factors that influence sport officials' performance is vital to ensuring fair sport competition. Through semi-structured interviews (N = 17), we explored officials' perceptions of group processes that occurred among ice hockey officiating teams. Participant responses revealed numerous ways that group processes were present within officials' interactions, and two unique characteristics involved the transient nature of officiating groups (frequently performing with different officials) and intrateam competition pertaining to postseason assignments. In the discussion, we expand on the unique nature of officiating groups, synthesize activities in which officials seek to enhance groupness, and provide insights for future interventions and researchers.
Hancock, D. J., Martin, L. J., Evans, M. B., & Paradis, K. F. (2018). Exploring Perceptions of Group Processes in Ice Hockey Officiating. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 30(2), 222-240. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200.2017.1349208