Exploring Multi-dimension User-Item Interactions with Attentional Knowledge Graph Neural Networks for Recommendation

Zhu Wang, Zilong Wang, Xiaona Li, Zhiwen Yu, Bin Guo, Luke Chen, Xingshe Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
444 Downloads (Pure)


It is commonly agreed that a recommender system should use not only explicit information but also implicit information to deal with the problem of data sparsity and cold start. The knowledge graph (KG), due to its expressive structural and semantic representation capabilities, has been increasingly used for capturing auxiliary information for recommender systems, such as the recent development of graph neural network (GNN) based models for KG-aware recommendation. Nevertheless, these models have the shortcoming of insufficient node interactions or improper node weights during information propagation, which limits the performance of recommender systems. To address this issue, we propose a Multi-dimension Interaction based attentional Knowledge Graph Neural Network (MI-KGNN) for enhanced KG-aware recommendation. MI-KGNN characterizes similarities between users and items through information propagation and aggregation in knowledge graphs. As such, it can optimize the updating direction of node representation by fully exploring multi-dimension interactions among nodes during information propagation. In addition, MI-KGNN introduces a dual attention mechanism, which allows users and central nodes to jointly determine the weight of neighbor nodes. As a result, MI-KGNN can effectively capture and represent both structural and semantic information in the knowledge graph. Experimental results show that the proposed model significantly outperforms baseline methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-226
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Big Data
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 28 Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Recommender systems
  • Knowledge engineering
  • Semantics
  • Big Data
  • Collaboration
  • Graph neural networks
  • Social networking (online)
  • Knowledge graph
  • Information propagation
  • Dual attention mechanism
  • graph neural networks
  • knowledge graph
  • dual attention mechanism
  • Recommender system
  • information propagation


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