Experimental investigation of thermal degradation for three kinds of wood

Benjamin BATIOT, Talal Fateh, Thomas Rogaume, Jocelyn Luche, Franck Richard

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Wood is one of the largest materials used currently for house product. Thus, it is a necessity to studythe thermal behavior of wood during fire. For that raison, this work aims to compare three kinds ofwood (one raw wood and two plywoods) with their thermal degradation data.Wood is present under different form like raw wood or plywood. These two sorts of wood have beentested to determinate their general thermal behavior during fire. Tests have been conducted in a conecalorimeter apparatus at heat fluxes from 10 to 60kW.m-². The mass loss and the time to ignition havebeen continuously monitored during each experiment. Moreover, the cone calorimeter has beencoupled with two gas analyzers (FTIR and HORIBA) in order to characterize the exhaust gasesemitted during the experiments.This work is composed of two parts. Firstly, a comparison of the thermal behavior of the three kinds ofwood is led. It concerns the stages of the thermal degradation and the estimation of ignitability andcombustibility parameters. Secondly, the comparison concerns the gases emitted during the thermaldegradation of the two plywoods and the raw wood. Indeed, one of the major aspects of thedegradation comes from the smoke and the products of combustion. Indeed, in the past physical andthermal aspect have been conducted in different kinds of wood, but few on the gases emitted duringthe combustion whereas this aspect of the degradation represent a lot of hazards to take into account.
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
    Number of pages11
    Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2013
    EventFire and Materials 2013 - San Francisco, USA
    Duration: 1 Jan 2013 → …

    Conference

    ConferenceFire and Materials 2013
    Period1/01/13 → …

    Fingerprint

    Wood
    Pyrolysis
    Plywood
    Fires
    Gases
    Calorimeters
    Smoke
    Ignition
    Heat flux
    Cones
    Hazards
    Experiments
    Degradation
    Hot Temperature

    Keywords

    • FTIR
    • Cone calorimeter
    • HRR
    • Chemical behavior
    • Emission yields.

    Cite this

    BATIOT, B., Fateh, T., Rogaume, T., Luche, J., & Richard, F. (Accepted/In press). Experimental investigation of thermal degradation for three kinds of wood. In Unknown Host Publication
    BATIOT, Benjamin ; Fateh, Talal ; Rogaume, Thomas ; Luche, Jocelyn ; Richard, Franck. / Experimental investigation of thermal degradation for three kinds of wood. Unknown Host Publication. 2013.
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    BATIOT, B, Fateh, T, Rogaume, T, Luche, J & Richard, F 2013, Experimental investigation of thermal degradation for three kinds of wood. in Unknown Host Publication. Fire and Materials 2013, 1/01/13.

    Experimental investigation of thermal degradation for three kinds of wood. / BATIOT, Benjamin; Fateh, Talal; Rogaume, Thomas; Luche, Jocelyn; Richard, Franck.

    Unknown Host Publication. 2013.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Experimental investigation of thermal degradation for three kinds of wood

    AU - BATIOT, Benjamin

    AU - Fateh, Talal

    AU - Rogaume, Thomas

    AU - Luche, Jocelyn

    AU - Richard, Franck

    PY - 2013/1/1

    Y1 - 2013/1/1

    N2 - Wood is one of the largest materials used currently for house product. Thus, it is a necessity to studythe thermal behavior of wood during fire. For that raison, this work aims to compare three kinds ofwood (one raw wood and two plywoods) with their thermal degradation data.Wood is present under different form like raw wood or plywood. These two sorts of wood have beentested to determinate their general thermal behavior during fire. Tests have been conducted in a conecalorimeter apparatus at heat fluxes from 10 to 60kW.m-². The mass loss and the time to ignition havebeen continuously monitored during each experiment. Moreover, the cone calorimeter has beencoupled with two gas analyzers (FTIR and HORIBA) in order to characterize the exhaust gasesemitted during the experiments.This work is composed of two parts. Firstly, a comparison of the thermal behavior of the three kinds ofwood is led. It concerns the stages of the thermal degradation and the estimation of ignitability andcombustibility parameters. Secondly, the comparison concerns the gases emitted during the thermaldegradation of the two plywoods and the raw wood. Indeed, one of the major aspects of thedegradation comes from the smoke and the products of combustion. Indeed, in the past physical andthermal aspect have been conducted in different kinds of wood, but few on the gases emitted duringthe combustion whereas this aspect of the degradation represent a lot of hazards to take into account.

    AB - Wood is one of the largest materials used currently for house product. Thus, it is a necessity to studythe thermal behavior of wood during fire. For that raison, this work aims to compare three kinds ofwood (one raw wood and two plywoods) with their thermal degradation data.Wood is present under different form like raw wood or plywood. These two sorts of wood have beentested to determinate their general thermal behavior during fire. Tests have been conducted in a conecalorimeter apparatus at heat fluxes from 10 to 60kW.m-². The mass loss and the time to ignition havebeen continuously monitored during each experiment. Moreover, the cone calorimeter has beencoupled with two gas analyzers (FTIR and HORIBA) in order to characterize the exhaust gasesemitted during the experiments.This work is composed of two parts. Firstly, a comparison of the thermal behavior of the three kinds ofwood is led. It concerns the stages of the thermal degradation and the estimation of ignitability andcombustibility parameters. Secondly, the comparison concerns the gases emitted during the thermaldegradation of the two plywoods and the raw wood. Indeed, one of the major aspects of thedegradation comes from the smoke and the products of combustion. Indeed, in the past physical andthermal aspect have been conducted in different kinds of wood, but few on the gases emitted duringthe combustion whereas this aspect of the degradation represent a lot of hazards to take into account.

    KW - FTIR

    KW - Cone calorimeter

    KW - HRR

    KW - Chemical behavior

    KW - Emission yields.

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    BATIOT B, Fateh T, Rogaume T, Luche J, Richard F. Experimental investigation of thermal degradation for three kinds of wood. In Unknown Host Publication. 2013