Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals.

P Songsorn, A Lambeth-Mansell, Jacqueline L. Mair, M Haggett, Ben Fitzpatrick, J Ruffino, A Holliday, Richard Metcalfe, NBJ Vollaard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose Sprint interval training (SIT) provides a potent stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity (VO˙ 2max), which is among the strongest markers for future cardiovascular health and premature mortality. Cycling-based SIT protocols involving six or more ‘all-out’ 30-s Wingate sprints per training session improve VO˙ 2max, but we have recently demonstrated that similar improvements in VO˙ 2max can be achieved with as few as two 20-s sprints. This suggests that the volume of sprint exercise has limited influence on subsequent training adaptations. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine whether a single 20-s cycle sprint per training session can provide a sufficient stimulus for improving VO˙ 2max. Methods Thirty sedentary or recreationally active participants (10 men/20 women; mean ± SD age: 24 ± 6 years, BMI: 22.6 ± 4.0 kg m−2 , VO˙ 2max: 33 ± 7 mL kg−1 min−1 ) were randomised to a training group or a no-intervention control group. Training involved three exercise sessions per week for 4 weeks, consisting of a single 20-s Wingate sprint (no warm-up or cool-down). VO˙ 2max was determined prior to training and 3 days following the final training session.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1511-1517
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume116
Issue number8
Early online date6 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Jun 2016

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Exercise
Premature Mortality
Health
High-Intensity Interval Training

Keywords

  • VO2max
  • High-intensity interval training
  • SIT
  • Wingate sprint
  • Sprint interval

Cite this

Songsorn, P ; Lambeth-Mansell, A ; Mair, Jacqueline L. ; Haggett, M ; Fitzpatrick, Ben ; Ruffino, J ; Holliday, A ; Metcalfe, Richard ; Vollaard, NBJ. / Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2016 ; Vol. 116, No. 8. pp. 1511-1517.
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Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals. / Songsorn, P; Lambeth-Mansell, A; Mair, Jacqueline L.; Haggett, M; Fitzpatrick, Ben; Ruffino, J; Holliday, A; Metcalfe, Richard; Vollaard, NBJ.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 116, No. 8, 06.06.2016, p. 1511-1517.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lambeth-Mansell, A

AU - Mair, Jacqueline L.

AU - Haggett, M

AU - Fitzpatrick, Ben

AU - Ruffino, J

AU - Holliday, A

AU - Metcalfe, Richard

AU - Vollaard, NBJ

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N2 - Purpose Sprint interval training (SIT) provides a potent stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity (VO˙ 2max), which is among the strongest markers for future cardiovascular health and premature mortality. Cycling-based SIT protocols involving six or more ‘all-out’ 30-s Wingate sprints per training session improve VO˙ 2max, but we have recently demonstrated that similar improvements in VO˙ 2max can be achieved with as few as two 20-s sprints. This suggests that the volume of sprint exercise has limited influence on subsequent training adaptations. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine whether a single 20-s cycle sprint per training session can provide a sufficient stimulus for improving VO˙ 2max. Methods Thirty sedentary or recreationally active participants (10 men/20 women; mean ± SD age: 24 ± 6 years, BMI: 22.6 ± 4.0 kg m−2 , VO˙ 2max: 33 ± 7 mL kg−1 min−1 ) were randomised to a training group or a no-intervention control group. Training involved three exercise sessions per week for 4 weeks, consisting of a single 20-s Wingate sprint (no warm-up or cool-down). VO˙ 2max was determined prior to training and 3 days following the final training session.

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