Dataset shift is a very common issue wherein the input data distribution shifts over time in non-stationary environments. A broad range of real-world systems face the challenge of dataset shift. In such systems, continuous monitoring of the process behavior and tracking the state of shift are required in order to decide about initiating adaptive corrections in a timely manner. This paper presents novel methods for covariate shift-detection tests based on a two-stage structure for both univariate and multivariate time-series. The first stage works in an online mode and it uses an exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) model based control chart to detect the covariate shift-point in non-stationary time-series. The second stage validates the shift-detected by first stage using the Kolmogorov–Smirnov statistical hypothesis test (K–S test) in case of univariate time-series and Hotelling's T-Squared multivariate statistical hypothesis test in case of multivariate time-series. Additionally, several orthogonal transformation and blind source separation algorithms are investigated to counteract the adverse effect of cross-correlation in multivariate time-series on shift-detection performance. The proposed methods are suitable to be run in real-time. Their performance is evaluated through experiments using several synthetic and real-world datasets. Results show that all the covariate shifts are detected with much reduced false-alarms compared to other methods.
- Non-stationary environments
- Dataset shift-detection
- Covariate shift
Raza, H., Prasad, G., & Li, Y. (2015). EWMA Model based Shift-Detection Methods for Detecting Covariate Shifts in Non-Stationary Environments. Pattern Recognition, 48(3), 659-669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.patcog.2014.07.028