Evolving spiking neural networks for personalised modelling, classification and prediction of spatio-temporal patterns with a case study on stroke.

Nikola Kasabov, Valery Feigin, Zeng-Guang Hou, Yixion Chen, Rita Krishnamurthi, Wen Liang, Muhaini Othman, Priya Parmar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper presents a novel method and system for personalised (individualised) modelling of spatio/spectro-temporal data (SSTD) and prediction of events. A novel evolving spiking neural network reservoir system (eSNNr) is proposed for the purpose. The system consists of spike-time encoding module of continuous value input information into spike trains; a recurrent 3D SNNr; eSNN as an
evolving output classifier. Such system is generated for every new individual, using existing data of similar individuals. Subject to proper training and parameter optimisation, the system is capable of accurate spatio-temporal pattern recognition (STPR) and of early prediction of individual events. The
method and the system are generic, applicable to various SSTD and classification and prediction problems. As a case study, the method is applied for early prediction of occurrence of stroke on an individual basis. Preliminary experiments demonstrated a significant improvement in accuracy and time
of event prediction when using the proposed method when compared with standard machine learning methods, such as MLR, SVM, and MLP. Future development and applications are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-279
Number of pages11
JournalNeurocomputing
Volume134
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Feb 2014

Keywords

  • spiking neural networks
  • personalised modelling
  • stroke occurance prediction

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