Evidence for a feeding related association between melanocortin in the NTS and Neuropeptide-Y in the PVN

E-M Kim, J G Quinn, R E Reid, E O'Hare

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2 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Melanocortin and neuropeptide-Y (NPY) are both involved in feeding and energy regulation, and they have opposite effects in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN). The present study examined an interaction between melanocortin in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and NPY in the PVN. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were implanted with cannulae in the injection sites of interest. In Experiment 1, subjects received either the melanocortin 3/4-receptor (MC3/4) antagonist SHU9119 (0, 10, 50 and 100 pmol/0.5 μl) or the MC3/4 agonist MTII (0, 10, 50, 100 and 200 pmol/0.5 μl) into the NTS. Food intake was measured at 1, 2, 4, 6 and 24-h post-injection. Administration of SHU9119 into the NTS significantly and dose-dependently increased food intake at 1, 2, 4, 6 and 6-24-h, and administration of MTII into the NTS significantly and dose-dependently decreased 24-h free feeding. In Experiment 2, subjects received the MC3/4 agonist MTII (0, 10, 50, 100 and 200 pmol/0.5 μl) into the NTS just prior to NPY (0 and 1μg/0.5 μl) in the PVN. PVN injection of NPY stimulated feeding, and administration of MTII (50, 100 and 200 pmol) into the NTS significantly and dose-dependently decreased NPY-induced feeding at 2, 4, 6 and 6-24-h. These data suggest that there could be a neuronal association between melanocortin in the NTS and NPY in the PVN, and that the melanocortin system in the NTS has an antagonistic effect on NPY-induced feeding in the PVN.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106618
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalAppetite
Volume188
Early online date29 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Sept 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
None.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

Keywords

  • Neuropeptide-Y
  • NTS
  • Food intake
  • PVN
  • Melanocortin

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