Evidence-based policymaking and the public interest: lessons in legitimacy

Stephen McKay, Michael Murray, Sean MacIntyre, Anil Kashyap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper draws upon an analysis of operational planning to highlight the centrality of ethics in praxis. In this context, political liberalism is particularly helpful in developing a deeper understanding of the activities of those engaged in planning decision making. At the most basic level, it demonstrates the importance of not only using shared liberal values as the foundation for public discourses, but also achieving consensus through the development of an inclusive evidence base, derived from both lay and professional knowledge. Though it has limitations, political liberalism provides a practical critique, enabling judgements to be made on problems which pervade operational planning practice and an evaluation to be conducted of the dynamic between, and actions of, participants. Keywords: evidence , policy , legitimacy , public , professionalism
LanguageEnglish
Pages133-154
Number of pages22
JournalTown Planning Review
Volume86
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015

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liberalism
public interest
legitimacy
planning
planning practice
ethics
evidence
moral philosophy
decision making
discourse
evaluation
knowledge
Values
public
professionalism
analysis
policy

Keywords

  • evidence
  • policy
  • legitimacy
  • public
  • professionalism

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McKay, Stephen ; Murray, Michael ; MacIntyre, Sean ; Kashyap, Anil. / Evidence-based policymaking and the public interest: lessons in legitimacy. In: Town Planning Review. 2015 ; Vol. 86, No. 2. pp. 133-154.
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note = "Reference text: ALEXANDER, E. R. (2008), ‘The role of knowledge within planning theory’, Planning Theory, 7, 207-10. ALLEN, K. (2007), The Corporate Takeover of Ireland, Dublin, Irish Academic Press. BAKER, M. and WONG, C. (2006), ‘Indicators and strategy monitoring: the case of the English regions’, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 33, 661-83. BARON, M., SLOTE, M. and PETTIT, P. (1997), Three Methods of Ethics, Oxford, Blackwell. BARTLEY, B. and KITCHIN, R. (2007), Understanding Contemporary Ireland, London, Pluto Press. BENDASOLLI, P. (2013), ‘Theory building in qualitative research: reconsidering the problem of induction’, Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 14, 1-14. BLAIKIE, N. (2012), Approaches to Social Enquiry, London, Polity. BREWSTER, R. (2007), Ethics and the Changing Role of Planners in Australia, Australia, Chifley Business School. BRYMAN, A. (2012), Social Research Methods, 4th edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press. CABINET OFFICE (1999), Modernising Government, Cm 4310, London, The Stationary Office. CAMPBELL, H. (2002), ‘Evidence-based policy: the continuing search for effective policy processes’, Planning Theory & Practice, 3, 89-104. CAMPBELL, H. and MARSHALL, R. (2002), ‘Utilitarianism's bad breath? A re-evaluation of the public interest justification for planning', Planning Theory, 1, 165-89. CAMPBELL, H. and MARSHALL, R. (2006), ‘Towards justice in planning: A reappraisal’, European Planning Studies, 14, 239-52. CONNOR, G. (2010), ‘The Irish Economy: Report on Property Market Planning’ http://www.irisheconomy.ie/index.php/2010/07/ COOPER, M. (2010), Who Really Runs Ireland?, London, Penguin Books. CORK CITY COUNCIL (2004), City Development Plan 2004, Cork, Cork City Council. CSO (CENTRAL STATISTICS OFFICE (2010), Census of Population Estimates, Dublin, CSO. CSO (CENTRAL STATISTICS OFFICE) (2013), Census of Population Estimates, Dublin, CSO. CUSSEN, N. (2010), ‘Evidence based planning: The core strategy’, presentation by The Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government to ICLRD http://www.slidefinder.net/2/2010actcorestrategyiclrdpresentation/32447917 DAVOUDI, S. (2006), ‘Evidence-based planning’, disP - The Planning Review, 42, 14-24. DEFRA (DEPARTMENT FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS) (2005), UK Government Sustainable Development Indicators, London, DEFRA. DEHLG (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, COMMUNITY AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2002), National Spatial Strategy 2002-2020, Dublin, DEHLG. DEHLG (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, COMMUNITY AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2011), Local Area Plans: Creating Sustainable Communities, Guidelines for Planning Authorities Draft, Dublin, DEHLG. FLATHMAN, R. E. (2005), Pluralism and Liberal Democracy, Baltimore, John Hopkins University Press. FLYVBJERG, B. (2002) ‘Bringing power to planning research. One researcher's praxis story’, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21, 353-66. FLYVBJERG, B. (2013), ‘How planners deal with uncomfortable knowledge: The dubious ethics of the American Planning Association’, Cities, 32, 157-63. GRIFFITH, D. (2008), ‘Ethical considerations in geographical research’, Ethics, Place and Environment, 11, 237-53. HAAS, P. (2004), ‘When does power listen to truth? A constructivist approach to the policy process’, Journal of European Public Policy, 11, 569-92. HARPER, T. L. and STEIN, S. M. (1995), ‘Contemporary ethical theory and planning theory’, in S. Hendler (ed.), Planning Ethics: A Reader in Planning Theory, Practice and Education, New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University, 49-65. HENDLER, S. (1995), A Reader in Planning Theory, Practice and Education, New Brunswick, NJ, Centre for Urban Policy Research. HENDLER, S. (2005), ‘Towards a feminist code of planning ethics’, Planning Theory and Practice, 6, 53-69. IPI (IRISH PLANNING INSTITUTE) (2010), Code of Professional Conduct, IPI, Dublin. JACOBSON, D., KIRBY, P. and O' BROIN, D. (eds) (2006), Taming the Tiger: Social Exclusion in a Globalised Ireland, New Island, Dublin, Tasc. KITCHIN, R., GLEESON, J., KEAVENEY, J. and O CALLAGHAN, C. (2010), A Haunted Landscape: Housing and Ghost Estates in Post-Celtic Tiger Ireland, Maynooth, NIRSA. MCDONALD, F. and SHERIDAN, K. (2009), The Builders, London, Penguin Books. MCKAY, S. (2010), ‘An investigation into the role of ethics, legitimacy and power in planning’, Town Planning Review, 81, 425-44. MELIA, P. and HOGAN, T. (2010), ‘Land rezoned for 800,000 more homes than needed’, Irish Independent, http://www.independent.ie/national-news/land-rezoned-for-800000-more-homes-than-needed-2162366.html'. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/land-rezoned-for-800000-more-homes-than-needed-2162366.html MIZZONI, J. (2010), Ethics: The Basics, Oxford, Wiley Blackwell. MURPHY, D. and DEVLIN, M. (2009), Banksters, Dublin, Hodder Headline Ireland. NAMA (NATIONAL ASSET MANAGEMENT AGENCY) (2010), First Loans Transfers http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/NAMAFirstLoanTransfers.pdf NEWMAN, P. and THORNLEY, A. (1996), Urban Planning in Europe, London, Routledge. NORTHERN IRELAND ASSEMBLY (2011), Zoning for Social Housing, Research and Library Service: Belfast. ORIEACHTAS (2011), ‘The tribunal of inquiry into certain planning matters & payments’ http://www.planningtribunal.ie/asp/index.asp?ObjectID=310&Mode=0&RecordID=480 PAGE, E. C. and GOLDSMITH, M. J. (1987), Central and Local Government Relations: A Comparative Analysis of West European Unitary States, London, Sage. PRESSMAN, J. L. and WILDAVSKY, A. (1973), Implementation and Review. Barkley and Los Angeles, University of California Press. RAWLS, J. (2001), Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. READE, E. (1997), ‘Planning in the future or planning of the future’, in A. Blowers and B. Evans (eds), Town Planning into the 21st Century, London, Routledge, 71-103. RTPI (ROYAL TOWN PLANNING INSTITUTE) (2012), Code of Professional Conduct, London, RTPI. RYDIN, Y. (2007), ‘Re-examining the role of knowledge within planning theory’, Planning Theory, 6, 52-68. SANDERCOCK, L. (1998), Towards Cosmopolis, London, Wiley. STARR, P. (2008), Freedom's Power: The History and Promise of Liberalism, New York, Basic Books. STEIN, S. M. and HARPER, T. L. (2005), ‘Rawls's ‘justice as fairness’: a moral basis for contemporary planning theory’, Planning Theory, 4, 147-72. TEWDWR-JONES, M. and ALLMENDINGER, P. (1998), ‘Deconstructing communicative rationality: a critique of Habermasian collaborative planning’, Environment & Planning A, 30, 1975-89. WINGENBACH, E. (2011), Instiutionalising Agonistic Democracy: Post Foundationalism and Political Liberalism, Ashgate, Surrey. WONG, C. (2000), ‘Indicators in use: challenges to urban and environmental planning in Britain’, Town Planning Review, 71, 213-39. WONG, C. (2003), ‘Indicators at the crossroads: ideas, methods and applications’, Town Planning Review, 74, 253-79. WYNNE, B. (1996), ‘May the sheep safely graze? A reflexive view of the expert-lay knowledge divide’, in B. Szerszynski, S. Lash and B. Wynne (eds), Risk, Environment and Modernity, Towards a New Ecology, London, Sage, 44-83.",
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Evidence-based policymaking and the public interest: lessons in legitimacy. / McKay, Stephen; Murray, Michael; MacIntyre, Sean; Kashyap, Anil.

In: Town Planning Review, Vol. 86, No. 2, 01.03.2015, p. 133-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N1 - Reference text: ALEXANDER, E. R. (2008), ‘The role of knowledge within planning theory’, Planning Theory, 7, 207-10. ALLEN, K. (2007), The Corporate Takeover of Ireland, Dublin, Irish Academic Press. BAKER, M. and WONG, C. (2006), ‘Indicators and strategy monitoring: the case of the English regions’, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 33, 661-83. BARON, M., SLOTE, M. and PETTIT, P. (1997), Three Methods of Ethics, Oxford, Blackwell. BARTLEY, B. and KITCHIN, R. (2007), Understanding Contemporary Ireland, London, Pluto Press. BENDASOLLI, P. (2013), ‘Theory building in qualitative research: reconsidering the problem of induction’, Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 14, 1-14. BLAIKIE, N. (2012), Approaches to Social Enquiry, London, Polity. BREWSTER, R. (2007), Ethics and the Changing Role of Planners in Australia, Australia, Chifley Business School. BRYMAN, A. (2012), Social Research Methods, 4th edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press. CABINET OFFICE (1999), Modernising Government, Cm 4310, London, The Stationary Office. CAMPBELL, H. (2002), ‘Evidence-based policy: the continuing search for effective policy processes’, Planning Theory & Practice, 3, 89-104. CAMPBELL, H. and MARSHALL, R. (2002), ‘Utilitarianism's bad breath? A re-evaluation of the public interest justification for planning', Planning Theory, 1, 165-89. CAMPBELL, H. and MARSHALL, R. (2006), ‘Towards justice in planning: A reappraisal’, European Planning Studies, 14, 239-52. CONNOR, G. (2010), ‘The Irish Economy: Report on Property Market Planning’ http://www.irisheconomy.ie/index.php/2010/07/ COOPER, M. (2010), Who Really Runs Ireland?, London, Penguin Books. CORK CITY COUNCIL (2004), City Development Plan 2004, Cork, Cork City Council. CSO (CENTRAL STATISTICS OFFICE (2010), Census of Population Estimates, Dublin, CSO. CSO (CENTRAL STATISTICS OFFICE) (2013), Census of Population Estimates, Dublin, CSO. CUSSEN, N. (2010), ‘Evidence based planning: The core strategy’, presentation by The Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government to ICLRD http://www.slidefinder.net/2/2010actcorestrategyiclrdpresentation/32447917 DAVOUDI, S. (2006), ‘Evidence-based planning’, disP - The Planning Review, 42, 14-24. DEFRA (DEPARTMENT FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS) (2005), UK Government Sustainable Development Indicators, London, DEFRA. DEHLG (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, COMMUNITY AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2002), National Spatial Strategy 2002-2020, Dublin, DEHLG. DEHLG (DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT, COMMUNITY AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT) (2011), Local Area Plans: Creating Sustainable Communities, Guidelines for Planning Authorities Draft, Dublin, DEHLG. FLATHMAN, R. E. (2005), Pluralism and Liberal Democracy, Baltimore, John Hopkins University Press. FLYVBJERG, B. (2002) ‘Bringing power to planning research. One researcher's praxis story’, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21, 353-66. FLYVBJERG, B. (2013), ‘How planners deal with uncomfortable knowledge: The dubious ethics of the American Planning Association’, Cities, 32, 157-63. GRIFFITH, D. (2008), ‘Ethical considerations in geographical research’, Ethics, Place and Environment, 11, 237-53. HAAS, P. (2004), ‘When does power listen to truth? A constructivist approach to the policy process’, Journal of European Public Policy, 11, 569-92. HARPER, T. L. and STEIN, S. M. (1995), ‘Contemporary ethical theory and planning theory’, in S. Hendler (ed.), Planning Ethics: A Reader in Planning Theory, Practice and Education, New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University, 49-65. HENDLER, S. (1995), A Reader in Planning Theory, Practice and Education, New Brunswick, NJ, Centre for Urban Policy Research. HENDLER, S. (2005), ‘Towards a feminist code of planning ethics’, Planning Theory and Practice, 6, 53-69. IPI (IRISH PLANNING INSTITUTE) (2010), Code of Professional Conduct, IPI, Dublin. JACOBSON, D., KIRBY, P. and O' BROIN, D. (eds) (2006), Taming the Tiger: Social Exclusion in a Globalised Ireland, New Island, Dublin, Tasc. KITCHIN, R., GLEESON, J., KEAVENEY, J. and O CALLAGHAN, C. (2010), A Haunted Landscape: Housing and Ghost Estates in Post-Celtic Tiger Ireland, Maynooth, NIRSA. MCDONALD, F. and SHERIDAN, K. (2009), The Builders, London, Penguin Books. MCKAY, S. (2010), ‘An investigation into the role of ethics, legitimacy and power in planning’, Town Planning Review, 81, 425-44. MELIA, P. and HOGAN, T. (2010), ‘Land rezoned for 800,000 more homes than needed’, Irish Independent, http://www.independent.ie/national-news/land-rezoned-for-800000-more-homes-than-needed-2162366.html'. http://www.independent.ie/national-news/land-rezoned-for-800000-more-homes-than-needed-2162366.html MIZZONI, J. (2010), Ethics: The Basics, Oxford, Wiley Blackwell. MURPHY, D. and DEVLIN, M. (2009), Banksters, Dublin, Hodder Headline Ireland. NAMA (NATIONAL ASSET MANAGEMENT AGENCY) (2010), First Loans Transfers http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/NAMAFirstLoanTransfers.pdf NEWMAN, P. and THORNLEY, A. (1996), Urban Planning in Europe, London, Routledge. NORTHERN IRELAND ASSEMBLY (2011), Zoning for Social Housing, Research and Library Service: Belfast. ORIEACHTAS (2011), ‘The tribunal of inquiry into certain planning matters & payments’ http://www.planningtribunal.ie/asp/index.asp?ObjectID=310&Mode=0&RecordID=480 PAGE, E. C. and GOLDSMITH, M. J. (1987), Central and Local Government Relations: A Comparative Analysis of West European Unitary States, London, Sage. PRESSMAN, J. L. and WILDAVSKY, A. (1973), Implementation and Review. Barkley and Los Angeles, University of California Press. RAWLS, J. (2001), Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. READE, E. (1997), ‘Planning in the future or planning of the future’, in A. Blowers and B. Evans (eds), Town Planning into the 21st Century, London, Routledge, 71-103. RTPI (ROYAL TOWN PLANNING INSTITUTE) (2012), Code of Professional Conduct, London, RTPI. RYDIN, Y. (2007), ‘Re-examining the role of knowledge within planning theory’, Planning Theory, 6, 52-68. SANDERCOCK, L. (1998), Towards Cosmopolis, London, Wiley. STARR, P. (2008), Freedom's Power: The History and Promise of Liberalism, New York, Basic Books. STEIN, S. M. and HARPER, T. L. (2005), ‘Rawls's ‘justice as fairness’: a moral basis for contemporary planning theory’, Planning Theory, 4, 147-72. TEWDWR-JONES, M. and ALLMENDINGER, P. (1998), ‘Deconstructing communicative rationality: a critique of Habermasian collaborative planning’, Environment & Planning A, 30, 1975-89. WINGENBACH, E. (2011), Instiutionalising Agonistic Democracy: Post Foundationalism and Political Liberalism, Ashgate, Surrey. WONG, C. (2000), ‘Indicators in use: challenges to urban and environmental planning in Britain’, Town Planning Review, 71, 213-39. WONG, C. (2003), ‘Indicators at the crossroads: ideas, methods and applications’, Town Planning Review, 74, 253-79. WYNNE, B. (1996), ‘May the sheep safely graze? A reflexive view of the expert-lay knowledge divide’, in B. Szerszynski, S. Lash and B. Wynne (eds), Risk, Environment and Modernity, Towards a New Ecology, London, Sage, 44-83.

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