Evaluations of diaries and GPS-enabled trackers to plot young peoples' geographies – asking the participants what they think

Ulf Hansson, Stephen Roulston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Insights into the personal geographies of young people can be gained in many ways, but there is not always a focus on the effectiveness of the methodologies used, through a comparison of the different approaches, nor is there often an examination of how the participants in the study perceive the effectiveness of the research methods. Two methodologies are explored in this study: self-completion mobility diaries and the wearing of GPS-enabled tracking devices. The study focuses on the perceptions of the teenage school student respondents in the study (n=15) with relation to the user friendliness, the perceived accuracy, and the ease with which travel patterns can be recreated from the data. The participants were able to evaluate the two methodologies and to make judgements on the criteria provided. We argue that participants can contribute significantly to post-research methodological reflection.
LanguageEnglish
Pages517-530
JournalChildrens' Geographies
Volume15
Issue number5
Early online date6 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

geography
methodology
evaluation
user-friendliness
development of methods
research method
travel
examination
school
student

Keywords

  • GPS tracking
  • diary
  • Northern Ireland
  • education
  • methodology

Cite this

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title = "Evaluations of diaries and GPS-enabled trackers to plot young peoples' geographies – asking the participants what they think",
abstract = "Insights into the personal geographies of young people can be gained in many ways, but there is not always a focus on the effectiveness of the methodologies used, through a comparison of the different approaches, nor is there often an examination of how the participants in the study perceive the effectiveness of the research methods. Two methodologies are explored in this study: self-completion mobility diaries and the wearing of GPS-enabled tracking devices. The study focuses on the perceptions of the teenage school student respondents in the study (n=15) with relation to the user friendliness, the perceived accuracy, and the ease with which travel patterns can be recreated from the data. The participants were able to evaluate the two methodologies and to make judgements on the criteria provided. We argue that participants can contribute significantly to post-research methodological reflection.",
keywords = "GPS tracking, diary, Northern Ireland, education, methodology",
author = "Ulf Hansson and Stephen Roulston",
note = "Reference text: Allport, G., 1943. The Use of Personal Documents in Psychological Science. New York: Social Science Research Council. Benwell, M. C., 2013. Rethinking conceptualisations of adult-imposed restriction and children's experiences of autonomy in outdoor space. Children's Geographies 11(1): 28-43 Christensen, P., Mikkelsen, M. R., Neilsen, T. A. S. and Harder, H., 2011. Children, Mobility, and Space: Using GPS and Mobile Phone Technologies in Ethnographic Research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research 5(3) 227-246 Clark, A. and Moss P., 2001. Listening to children: the Mosaic Approach. London, National Children's Bureau. Coady, M., Galea, S., Blaney, S., Ompad, D., Sisco, S. and Vlahov, D., 2008. Project VIVA: A multilevel community-based intervention to increase influenza vaccination rates among hard-to-reach populations in New York City. American Journal of Public Health, 98(7), 1314-1321. Evans, R., 2011. Diverse spaces of childhood and youth: gender and other socio-cultural differences. Children's Geographies 9(3-4): 277-284 Goodfellow, A., 2012. Looking through the learning disability lens: inclusive education and the learning disability embodiment. Children's Geographies, 10(1): 67-81 Hadfield-Hill, S. and Horton, J., 2014. Children’s experiences of participating in research: emotional moments together? Children’s Geographies 12(2), 135–153 Hamilton, J., Hansson, U., Bell, J. and Toucas, S., 2008. Segregated Lives: Social Division, Sectarianism and Everyday Life in Northern Ireland. Belfast: Institute for Conflict Research Hancock, D. R., & Algozzine, B., 2006. Doing Case Study Research: A Practical Guide for Beginning Researchers. New York, NY: Teachers College, Columbia University. Hodge, N. and Runswick-Cole, K., 2013. ‘They never pass me the ball’: exposing ableism through the leisure experiences of disabled children, young people and their families. Children's Geographies 11(3): 311-325 Hughes, J. C., Newby, J., Louw, S. J., Campbell, G. and Hutton, J. L., 2008. Ethical issues and tagging in dementia: a survey. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 3, 1–6 Kenyon, S., 2006. The ‘accessibility diary’: Discussing a new methodological approach to understand the impact of Internet use upon personal travel and activity participation. Journal of Transport Geography, 14 (2). pp. 123-134. Lehman-Frisch, S., Authier, J-Y. and Dufaux, F., 2012. ‘Draw me your neighbourhood’: a gentrified Paris neighbourhood through its children's eyes. Children's Geographies 10(1): 17-34 Loebach, J. and Gilliland, J. (2016) Neighbourhood play on the endangered list: examining patterns in children’s local activity and mobility using GPS monitoiring and qualitative GIS Children’s Geographies DOI: 10.1080/14733285.2016.1140126 Mackett, R., Brown, B., Gong, Y., Kitazawa, K. and Paskins, K., 2007. Children's Independent Movement in the Local Environment. Built Environment 33(4): 454-468 Matthews, M. H., 1984. Cognitive Mapping Abilities of Young Boys and Girls Geography 69(4) 327-336 Matthews, M. H., Limb, M. and Percy-Smith, B., 1998. Changing worlds: the microgeographies of young teenagers. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 89(2): 193-202 Mavoa, S., Oliver, M., Fa’avale, N. T. and Whitten, K., 2012, Using GIS to integrate children's walking interview data and objectively measured physical activity data. Conference Paper. Available from http://www.researchgate.net/publication/266617591_Using_GIS_to_integrate_children's_walking_interview_data_and_objectively_measured_physical_activity_data Accessed 1.11.15 Meth, P., 2003 Entries and omissions: using solicited diaries in geographical research. Area 35(2) 195-205 Mikkelsen, M. R. and Christensen, P., 2009. Is Children’s Independent Mobility Really Independent? A Study of Children’s Mobility Combining Ethnography and GPS/MobilePhone Technologies. Mobilities 4(1) 37-58 Mitchell, H., Kearns, R. A. and Collins, D. C. A., 2007. Nuances of neighbourhood: Children’s perceptions of the space between home and school in Auckland, New Zealand. Geoforum 38 614-627 Moule P. and Goodman M., 2009. Nursing Research: An introduction. Sage, London. Nicholl, H., 2010. Diaries as a method of data collection in research. Paediatric Nursing, 22(7):16-20 Oliver, M., Mavoa, S., Badland, H. M., Carroll, P. A., Asiasiga, L., Tavae, N., Kearns, R. A. and Witten, K., (2014) What constitutes a ‘trip’? Examining child journey attributes using GPS and self-report, Children's Geographies, 12:2, 249-256 Oswald, F., Wahl, H-W., Voss, E., Schilling, O., Freytag, T., Auslander, G., Shoval, N., Heinik, J. and Landau, R., 2010. The Use of Tracking Technologies for the Analysis of Outdoor Mobility in the Face of Dementia: First Steps into a Project and Some Illustrative Findings from Germany. Journal of Housing for the Elderly 24(1) 55-73 Polit, D., and Beck, C., 2006. Essentials of Nursing Research: Methods, Appraisal and Utilization. 6th edn. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia Ross, N., (2007) ‘My journey to school…’: foregrounding the meaning of school journeys and children’s engagements and interactions in their everyday localities. Children’s Geographies 5(4): 373-391 Roulston, S. and Young, O., 2013. GPS tracking of some Northern Ireland students - patterns of shared and separated space: Divided We Stand? International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 22 (3). pp. 241-258 Sutton, L., 2009. ‘They'd only call you a scally if you are poor’: the impact of socio-economic status on children's identities. Children's Geographies 7(3): 277-290 Travlou, P., Owens, P.E., Thompson, C.W. and Maxwell, L., 2008. Place mapping with teenagers: locating their territories and documenting their experience of the public realm. Children's Geographies 6(3): 309-326 Vanderstede, W., 2011. 'Chilling' and 'hopping' in the 'teenage space network': explorations in teenagers' geographies in the city of Mechelen. Children's Geographies 9(2): 167-184 Walker, M., Whyatt, D., Pooley, C., Davies, G., Coulton, P. and Bamford, W., 2009. Talk, technologies and teenagers: understanding the school journey using a mixed-methods approach. Children's Geographies 7(2): 107-122 Wiehe, S. E., Carroll, A. E., Liu, G. C., Haberkorn, K. L., Hoch, S. C., Wilson, J. S. and Fortenberry, K. L., 2008. Using GPS-enabled cellphones to track the travel pattern of adolescents. International Journal of Health Geographics 7(22) Available from http://www.ij-healthgeographics.com/content/7/1/22 Accessed 1.10.15",
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Evaluations of diaries and GPS-enabled trackers to plot young peoples' geographies – asking the participants what they think. / Hansson, Ulf; Roulston, Stephen.

In: Childrens' Geographies, Vol. 15, No. 5, 06.01.2017, p. 517-530.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluations of diaries and GPS-enabled trackers to plot young peoples' geographies – asking the participants what they think

AU - Hansson, Ulf

AU - Roulston, Stephen

N1 - Reference text: Allport, G., 1943. The Use of Personal Documents in Psychological Science. New York: Social Science Research Council. Benwell, M. C., 2013. Rethinking conceptualisations of adult-imposed restriction and children's experiences of autonomy in outdoor space. Children's Geographies 11(1): 28-43 Christensen, P., Mikkelsen, M. R., Neilsen, T. A. S. and Harder, H., 2011. Children, Mobility, and Space: Using GPS and Mobile Phone Technologies in Ethnographic Research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research 5(3) 227-246 Clark, A. and Moss P., 2001. Listening to children: the Mosaic Approach. London, National Children's Bureau. Coady, M., Galea, S., Blaney, S., Ompad, D., Sisco, S. and Vlahov, D., 2008. Project VIVA: A multilevel community-based intervention to increase influenza vaccination rates among hard-to-reach populations in New York City. American Journal of Public Health, 98(7), 1314-1321. Evans, R., 2011. Diverse spaces of childhood and youth: gender and other socio-cultural differences. Children's Geographies 9(3-4): 277-284 Goodfellow, A., 2012. Looking through the learning disability lens: inclusive education and the learning disability embodiment. Children's Geographies, 10(1): 67-81 Hadfield-Hill, S. and Horton, J., 2014. Children’s experiences of participating in research: emotional moments together? Children’s Geographies 12(2), 135–153 Hamilton, J., Hansson, U., Bell, J. and Toucas, S., 2008. Segregated Lives: Social Division, Sectarianism and Everyday Life in Northern Ireland. Belfast: Institute for Conflict Research Hancock, D. R., & Algozzine, B., 2006. Doing Case Study Research: A Practical Guide for Beginning Researchers. New York, NY: Teachers College, Columbia University. Hodge, N. and Runswick-Cole, K., 2013. ‘They never pass me the ball’: exposing ableism through the leisure experiences of disabled children, young people and their families. Children's Geographies 11(3): 311-325 Hughes, J. C., Newby, J., Louw, S. J., Campbell, G. and Hutton, J. L., 2008. Ethical issues and tagging in dementia: a survey. Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 3, 1–6 Kenyon, S., 2006. The ‘accessibility diary’: Discussing a new methodological approach to understand the impact of Internet use upon personal travel and activity participation. Journal of Transport Geography, 14 (2). pp. 123-134. Lehman-Frisch, S., Authier, J-Y. and Dufaux, F., 2012. ‘Draw me your neighbourhood’: a gentrified Paris neighbourhood through its children's eyes. Children's Geographies 10(1): 17-34 Loebach, J. and Gilliland, J. (2016) Neighbourhood play on the endangered list: examining patterns in children’s local activity and mobility using GPS monitoiring and qualitative GIS Children’s Geographies DOI: 10.1080/14733285.2016.1140126 Mackett, R., Brown, B., Gong, Y., Kitazawa, K. and Paskins, K., 2007. Children's Independent Movement in the Local Environment. Built Environment 33(4): 454-468 Matthews, M. H., 1984. Cognitive Mapping Abilities of Young Boys and Girls Geography 69(4) 327-336 Matthews, M. H., Limb, M. and Percy-Smith, B., 1998. Changing worlds: the microgeographies of young teenagers. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 89(2): 193-202 Mavoa, S., Oliver, M., Fa’avale, N. T. and Whitten, K., 2012, Using GIS to integrate children's walking interview data and objectively measured physical activity data. Conference Paper. Available from http://www.researchgate.net/publication/266617591_Using_GIS_to_integrate_children's_walking_interview_data_and_objectively_measured_physical_activity_data Accessed 1.11.15 Meth, P., 2003 Entries and omissions: using solicited diaries in geographical research. Area 35(2) 195-205 Mikkelsen, M. R. and Christensen, P., 2009. Is Children’s Independent Mobility Really Independent? A Study of Children’s Mobility Combining Ethnography and GPS/MobilePhone Technologies. Mobilities 4(1) 37-58 Mitchell, H., Kearns, R. A. and Collins, D. C. A., 2007. Nuances of neighbourhood: Children’s perceptions of the space between home and school in Auckland, New Zealand. Geoforum 38 614-627 Moule P. and Goodman M., 2009. Nursing Research: An introduction. Sage, London. Nicholl, H., 2010. Diaries as a method of data collection in research. Paediatric Nursing, 22(7):16-20 Oliver, M., Mavoa, S., Badland, H. M., Carroll, P. A., Asiasiga, L., Tavae, N., Kearns, R. A. and Witten, K., (2014) What constitutes a ‘trip’? Examining child journey attributes using GPS and self-report, Children's Geographies, 12:2, 249-256 Oswald, F., Wahl, H-W., Voss, E., Schilling, O., Freytag, T., Auslander, G., Shoval, N., Heinik, J. and Landau, R., 2010. The Use of Tracking Technologies for the Analysis of Outdoor Mobility in the Face of Dementia: First Steps into a Project and Some Illustrative Findings from Germany. Journal of Housing for the Elderly 24(1) 55-73 Polit, D., and Beck, C., 2006. Essentials of Nursing Research: Methods, Appraisal and Utilization. 6th edn. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia Ross, N., (2007) ‘My journey to school…’: foregrounding the meaning of school journeys and children’s engagements and interactions in their everyday localities. Children’s Geographies 5(4): 373-391 Roulston, S. and Young, O., 2013. GPS tracking of some Northern Ireland students - patterns of shared and separated space: Divided We Stand? International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 22 (3). pp. 241-258 Sutton, L., 2009. ‘They'd only call you a scally if you are poor’: the impact of socio-economic status on children's identities. Children's Geographies 7(3): 277-290 Travlou, P., Owens, P.E., Thompson, C.W. and Maxwell, L., 2008. Place mapping with teenagers: locating their territories and documenting their experience of the public realm. Children's Geographies 6(3): 309-326 Vanderstede, W., 2011. 'Chilling' and 'hopping' in the 'teenage space network': explorations in teenagers' geographies in the city of Mechelen. Children's Geographies 9(2): 167-184 Walker, M., Whyatt, D., Pooley, C., Davies, G., Coulton, P. and Bamford, W., 2009. Talk, technologies and teenagers: understanding the school journey using a mixed-methods approach. Children's Geographies 7(2): 107-122 Wiehe, S. E., Carroll, A. E., Liu, G. C., Haberkorn, K. L., Hoch, S. C., Wilson, J. S. and Fortenberry, K. L., 2008. Using GPS-enabled cellphones to track the travel pattern of adolescents. International Journal of Health Geographics 7(22) Available from http://www.ij-healthgeographics.com/content/7/1/22 Accessed 1.10.15

PY - 2017/1/6

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AB - Insights into the personal geographies of young people can be gained in many ways, but there is not always a focus on the effectiveness of the methodologies used, through a comparison of the different approaches, nor is there often an examination of how the participants in the study perceive the effectiveness of the research methods. Two methodologies are explored in this study: self-completion mobility diaries and the wearing of GPS-enabled tracking devices. The study focuses on the perceptions of the teenage school student respondents in the study (n=15) with relation to the user friendliness, the perceived accuracy, and the ease with which travel patterns can be recreated from the data. The participants were able to evaluate the two methodologies and to make judgements on the criteria provided. We argue that participants can contribute significantly to post-research methodological reflection.

KW - GPS tracking

KW - diary

KW - Northern Ireland

KW - education

KW - methodology

U2 - 10.1080/14733285.2016.1272915

DO - 10.1080/14733285.2016.1272915

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 517

EP - 530

JO - Children's Geographies

T2 - Children's Geographies

JF - Children's Geographies

SN - 1473-3285

IS - 5

ER -