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Evaluating the Success of Phosphorus Management from Field to Watershed. / Sharpley, A.N.; Kleinman, P.J.A.; Jordan, P.; Bergstrom, L.; Allen, A.L.In: Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 38, 2009, p. 1981-1988.
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TY - JOUR
T1 - Evaluating the Success of Phosphorus Management from Field to Watershed
AU - Sharpley, A.N.
AU - Kleinman, P.J.A.
AU - Jordan, P.
AU - Bergstrom, L.
AU - Allen, A.L.
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PY - 2009
Y1 - 2009
N2 - Studies have demonstrated some P loss reduction followingimplementation of remedial strategies at fi eld scales. However,there has been little coordinated evaluation of best managementpractices (BMPs) on a watershed scale to show where, when, andwhich work most eff ectively. Th us, it is still diffi cult to answerwith a degree of certainty, critical questions such as, how longbefore we see a response and where would we expect to observethe greatest or least response? In cases where fi eld and watershedscales are monitored, it is not uncommon for trends in P lossto be disconnected. We review case studies demonstratingthat potential causes of the disconnect varies, from competingsources of P at watershed scales that are not refl ected in fi eldmonitoring to an abundance of sinks at watershed scales thatbuff er fi eld sources. To be successful, P-based mitigationstrategies need to occur iteratively, involve stakeholder drivenprograms, and address the inherent complexity of all P sourceswithin watersheds.
AB - Studies have demonstrated some P loss reduction followingimplementation of remedial strategies at fi eld scales. However,there has been little coordinated evaluation of best managementpractices (BMPs) on a watershed scale to show where, when, andwhich work most eff ectively. Th us, it is still diffi cult to answerwith a degree of certainty, critical questions such as, how longbefore we see a response and where would we expect to observethe greatest or least response? In cases where fi eld and watershedscales are monitored, it is not uncommon for trends in P lossto be disconnected. We review case studies demonstratingthat potential causes of the disconnect varies, from competingsources of P at watershed scales that are not refl ected in fi eldmonitoring to an abundance of sinks at watershed scales thatbuff er fi eld sources. To be successful, P-based mitigationstrategies need to occur iteratively, involve stakeholder drivenprograms, and address the inherent complexity of all P sourceswithin watersheds.
U2 - 10.2134/jeq2008.0056
DO - 10.2134/jeq2008.0056
M3 - Article
VL - 38
SP - 1981
EP - 1988
JO - Journal of Environmental Quality
JF - Journal of Environmental Quality
SN - 0047-2425