Especial Skill Effect Across Age and Performance Level: The Nature and Degree of Generalization

S.H Czyż, Gavin Breslin, O Kwon, M Mazur, K Kobiałka, Z Pizlo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been claimed that an especial skill emerges after massive amounts of basketball practice. Despite this no direct evidence is available to support this claim. The authors aimed to shed light on this question. Thirty-seven male basketball players took part representing four groups: 2 groups of senior players, a cadet group, and a group of juniors. Players performed free throw shots from 7 distances including shots from the free throw line (15 ft). It was shown that an especial skill was present in senior players, but not in junior players who had only 3 years of playing experience. The authors present a descriptive model of especial skill and express it using the formalism of a hierarchical Bayesian model to fit the data and estimate the parameters. This model can account not only for the results, which indicate the presence and a substantial degree of generalizability of especial skill to nearby distances, but also for results of the original study on especial skill where it was proposed that specificity in practice leads to the emergence of the especial skill.
LanguageEnglish
Pages139-152
JournalJournal of Motor Behavior
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

Fingerprint

Basketball

Cite this

Czyż, S.H ; Breslin, Gavin ; Kwon, O ; Mazur, M ; Kobiałka, K ; Pizlo, Z. / Especial Skill Effect Across Age and Performance Level: The Nature and Degree of Generalization. In: Journal of Motor Behavior. 2013 ; Vol. 45, No. 2. pp. 139-152.
@article{1e2a685326554ba7a3b29ad5fd1d96ab,
title = "Especial Skill Effect Across Age and Performance Level: The Nature and Degree of Generalization",
abstract = "It has been claimed that an especial skill emerges after massive amounts of basketball practice. Despite this no direct evidence is available to support this claim. The authors aimed to shed light on this question. Thirty-seven male basketball players took part representing four groups: 2 groups of senior players, a cadet group, and a group of juniors. Players performed free throw shots from 7 distances including shots from the free throw line (15 ft). It was shown that an especial skill was present in senior players, but not in junior players who had only 3 years of playing experience. The authors present a descriptive model of especial skill and express it using the formalism of a hierarchical Bayesian model to fit the data and estimate the parameters. This model can account not only for the results, which indicate the presence and a substantial degree of generalizability of especial skill to nearby distances, but also for results of the original study on especial skill where it was proposed that specificity in practice leads to the emergence of the especial skill.",
author = "S.H Czyż and Gavin Breslin and O Kwon and M Mazur and K Kobiałka and Z Pizlo",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1080/00222895.2013.763763",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "139--152",
journal = "Journal of Motor Behavior",
issn = "0022-2895",
number = "2",

}

Especial Skill Effect Across Age and Performance Level: The Nature and Degree of Generalization. / Czyż, S.H; Breslin, Gavin; Kwon, O; Mazur, M; Kobiałka, K; Pizlo, Z.

In: Journal of Motor Behavior, Vol. 45, No. 2, 03.2013, p. 139-152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Especial Skill Effect Across Age and Performance Level: The Nature and Degree of Generalization

AU - Czyż, S.H

AU - Breslin, Gavin

AU - Kwon, O

AU - Mazur, M

AU - Kobiałka, K

AU - Pizlo, Z

PY - 2013/3

Y1 - 2013/3

N2 - It has been claimed that an especial skill emerges after massive amounts of basketball practice. Despite this no direct evidence is available to support this claim. The authors aimed to shed light on this question. Thirty-seven male basketball players took part representing four groups: 2 groups of senior players, a cadet group, and a group of juniors. Players performed free throw shots from 7 distances including shots from the free throw line (15 ft). It was shown that an especial skill was present in senior players, but not in junior players who had only 3 years of playing experience. The authors present a descriptive model of especial skill and express it using the formalism of a hierarchical Bayesian model to fit the data and estimate the parameters. This model can account not only for the results, which indicate the presence and a substantial degree of generalizability of especial skill to nearby distances, but also for results of the original study on especial skill where it was proposed that specificity in practice leads to the emergence of the especial skill.

AB - It has been claimed that an especial skill emerges after massive amounts of basketball practice. Despite this no direct evidence is available to support this claim. The authors aimed to shed light on this question. Thirty-seven male basketball players took part representing four groups: 2 groups of senior players, a cadet group, and a group of juniors. Players performed free throw shots from 7 distances including shots from the free throw line (15 ft). It was shown that an especial skill was present in senior players, but not in junior players who had only 3 years of playing experience. The authors present a descriptive model of especial skill and express it using the formalism of a hierarchical Bayesian model to fit the data and estimate the parameters. This model can account not only for the results, which indicate the presence and a substantial degree of generalizability of especial skill to nearby distances, but also for results of the original study on especial skill where it was proposed that specificity in practice leads to the emergence of the especial skill.

U2 - 10.1080/00222895.2013.763763

DO - 10.1080/00222895.2013.763763

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 139

EP - 152

JO - Journal of Motor Behavior

T2 - Journal of Motor Behavior

JF - Journal of Motor Behavior

SN - 0022-2895

IS - 2

ER -