Enterobacteriaceae, Coliforms and E.Coli

A. K. Patel, R. R. Singhania, A. Pandey, V. K. Joshi, P. S. Nigam, C. R. Soccol

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The Enterobacteriacea family is the largest of three families in Section 5 of Bergey's Manual comprising several familiar pathogens such as Salmonella, Klebsiella, Shigella, and Escherichia coli. This family plays a very significant role in a wide area of science as medical research, food microbiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology. This article gives an account of the classification and importance of the family members of Enterobacteriaceae and their characteristics. The methods of detection and enumeration of the members of several genera are based on their salient characteristics such as their habitat, nutritional requirement, metabolic fermentation, and genetic relatedness. There are concerns for the threats to humans posed by the Enterobacteriaceae family members in general and also due by the evolution of multiresistant strains, which represents a major challenge for the intensive health care unit. The deep understanding of members of important genera and their impact on prescribing related infections in human and their effective preventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Food Microbiology
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
EditorsC.A., Batt, M.L. Tortorello,
Place of PublicationUK
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780123847331
ISBN (Print)9780123847300
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 2 Apr 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Coliforms
  • Enterobacteriaceae
  • Escherichia coli
  • Fermentative metabolism
  • Food poisoning
  • Injured coliforms
  • Multiresistant strains
  • Nocosomial disease
  • Salmonella
  • Shigellosis
  • Yersinia


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