Engineering Egress Data Considering Pedestrians with Reduced Mobility

K E Boyce, Paul Geoerg, Steven Gwynne, Florian Berchtold, Anja Hoffman, Stefan Holl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

To quantify the evacuation process, evacuation practitioners use engineering egress data describing the occupant movement characteristics. These data are typically based to young and fit populations. However, the movement abilities of occupants who might be involved in evacuations are becoming more variable—with the building populations of today typically including increasing numbers of individuals: with impairments or who are otherwise elderly or generally less mobile. Thus, there will be an increasing proportion of building occupants with reduced ability to egress. For safe evacuation, there is therefore a need to provide valid engineering egress data considering pedestrians with disabilities. Gwynne and Boyce recently compiled a series of data sets related to the evacuation process to support practitioner activities in the chapter Engineering Data in the SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering. This paper supplements these data sets by providing information on and presenting
data obtained from additional research related to the premovement and horizontal movement of participants with physical-, cognitive-, or age-related disabilities. The aim is to provide an overview of currently available data sets related to, and key factors affecting the egress performance of, mixed ability populations which could be used to guide fire safety engineering decisions in the context of building design.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)759-781
Number of pages23
JournalFire and Materials
Volume43
Issue number7
Early online date9 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • disability
  • egress
  • engineering data
  • evacuation
  • mobility
  • movement
  • pre-movement
  • pedestrians
  • premovement

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  • Cite this

    Boyce, K. E., Geoerg, P., Gwynne, S., Berchtold, F., Hoffman, A., & Holl, S. (2019). Engineering Egress Data Considering Pedestrians with Reduced Mobility. Fire and Materials, 43(7), 759-781. https://doi.org/10.1002/fam.2736