Energy Aware Scheduling across ‘Green’ Cloud Data Centres

Cathryn Peoples, Gerard Parr, Sally McClean, PJ Morrow, BW Scotney

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Data centre energy costs are reduced when virtualisation is used as opposed to physical resource deployment to a degree sufficient to accommodate all application requests.Nonetheless, regardless of the hardware provisioning approach, opportunities remain with regard to the way in which resources are made available and workload is scheduled, particularly for improved efficiency objectives. In previous work, we propose the e-CAB as an architecture which captures real-time network state in data centres for improved efficiency. In this paper, we extend the discussion with consideration of a server selection mechanism integrated into the e-CAB which takes into account server utilisation and operational cost attributes. We recognise that cost incurred at a server is a function of its hardware characteristics. The objective of our approach is therefore to pack workload intodevices, selected as a function of their cost to operate, to achieve (or as close to) the maximum recommended capacity utilisation in a cost-efficient manner and help to avoid instances where devices are under-utilised and management cost is incurredinefficiently. This is based on principles behind queuing theory and the relationship between packet arrival rate, service rate and response time, and recognises a similar exponential relationship between power cost and server utilisation to drive its intelligentselection for improved efficiency. There is a subsequent opportunity to power redundant devices off to exploit power savings through avoiding their management.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 31 May 2013
EventIFIP/IEEE Integrated Network Management Symposium - Ghent, Belgium
Duration: 31 May 2013 → …


ConferenceIFIP/IEEE Integrated Network Management Symposium
Period31/05/13 → …

Bibliographical note

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[10] M. Karir, “Data Centre Reference Architectures,” IETF ‘work in progress’ Internet Draft, Oct. 2011.
[11] C. Peoples, G. Parr and S.McClean, “Context-aware Characterisation of Energy Consumption in Data Centres,” in Proc. of 3rd IFIP/IEEE Int. W’shop on M’ment of the Future Internet, May 2011, pp. 1250-57.


  • Cloud data centre
  • cost-benefit balance
  • green policy-based management
  • operational efficiency
  • workload scheduling.


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