Encouraging Technology Transfer amongst SMEs in the Northern Periphery of Europe

Elaine Ramsey, Derek Bond, David Hanna, Emer Gallagher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Central to the EU regional development strategy is the idea that cohesion funding will allow lagging regions to develop their capacity so that they can develop their R&D to levels that can be funded by Framework. Using a European funded (ERDF) NPP project – MicrE as a case study, this paper considers how, through a transnational programme, this might work in practice. MicrE's main aim was to provide a service to develop and promote innovative small-scale renewable energy solutions for rural small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the northern periphery of Europe. Concentrating on Northern Ireland, this paper provides a micro and macro-level assessment of the key challenges associated with adopting renewable energy technologies by SMEs; and the future development of public policy aimed at developing SME capacity by encouraging knowledge transfer and supporting their R&D efforts.
LanguageEnglish
Pages341-353
JournalTechnology Analysis & Strategic Management
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

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Technology transfer
Small and medium-sized enterprises
Renewable energy
Northern Ireland
Regional development
Funding
Energy technology
Public policy
Knowledge transfer
Cohesion
Development strategy

Cite this

Ramsey, Elaine ; Bond, Derek ; Hanna, David ; Gallagher, Emer. / Encouraging Technology Transfer amongst SMEs in the Northern Periphery of Europe. In: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management. 2013 ; Vol. 25, No. 3. pp. 341-353.
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note = "Reference text: Aitken, M. 2010. Why we still don’t understand the social aspects of wind power: A critique of key assumptions within the literature. Energy Policy 38: 1834–41. Barry, J., G. Ellis, and C. Robinson. 2008. Cool rationalities and hot air: A rhetorical approach to understanding debates on renewable energy. Global Environmental Politics 8, no. 2: 67–98. Bell, D., T. Gray, and C. Haggett. 2005. The ‘Social Gap’in wind farm siting decisions: Explanations and policy responses. Environmental Politics 14: 460–77. Brey, P. 1997. Philosophy of technology meets social constructivism. Journal of the Society for Philosophy and Technology 2, nos. 3/4: 56–79. Chandler, D. 1996. Shaping and being shaped: The tone of technological determinism. Computer Mediated Communication Magazine, 1 February 1996. 3, no. 2.Available at: http://www.december.com/cmc/mag/1996/feb/chandler.html (accessed January 30, 2013). Downloaded by [University of Ulster at Coleraine] at 01:52 20 May 2013 352 E. Ramsey et al. Christensen, C. 1997. Innovators’ dilemma. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Cochrane, J.H. 2011. How did Paul Krugman get it so wrong? Economic Affairs 31, no. 2: 36–40. Crescenzi, R., and A. Rodr{\'i}guez-Pose. 2011. Reconciling top-down and bottom-up development policies.Working paper 2011-03, Instituto Madrile{\~n}o de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales, Madrid. Devine-Wright, P. 2007. Reconsidering public attitudes and public acceptance of renewable energy technologies:Acritical review.Working paper 1.4.Available atwww.sed.manchester.ac.uk/research/beyond_nimbyism/ deliverables/outputs. htm Dunning, J., and A. Turner. 2005. Community-owned wind farms – aspirations, suspicions and reality. Power UK 131: 42–45. Ellis, G., J. Barry, and C. Robinson. 2007. Many ways to say ‘no’, different ways to say ‘yes’: Applying Q-methodology to understand public acceptance of wind farm proposals. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 50: 517–51. Eltham, D., G. Harrison, and S. Allen. 2008. Change in public attitudes towards a Cornish wind farm: Implications for planning. Energy Policy 36: 23–33. Etzkowitz, H. 1997. The Triple Helix: academy–industry–governement relations and the growth of neo-corporatist industrial policy in the U.S. In Managing technological knowledge transfer, ed. S. Campodall’Orto. EC Social Sciences COST A3, Vol. 4, 1–20. Brussels: EC Directorate General, Science, Research and Development. European Commission. 2007. Competitive European regions through research and innovation: A contribution to more growth and more and better jobs. Com (2007) 474. Brussels: European Commission. Eurostat. 2011a.Total intramuralR&Dexpenditure (GERD), byNUTS2 region. [csv] Luxemburg: European Commission. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=1&language=en&pcode=tgs00042 Eurostat, 2011b. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D. [csv] Luxemburg: European Commission. Available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=1&language=en&pcode=tsiir020 Farole, T., A. Rodr{\'i}guez-Pose, and M. Storper. 2011. Cohesion policy in the European Union: growth, geography, institutions. Journal of Common Market Studies 49: 1089–111. Geoghegan-Quinn, M. 2011. Innovation for stronger regions: Opportunities in FP7. Address to the EU Committee of the Regions, 14 July 2011, online: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/11/525&type= HTML Graff, H. 1987. The labyrinths of literacy: Reflections on literacy past and present. London: Falmer Press. Gross, R.,W. Blyth, and P. Heptonstall. 2010. Risks, revenues and investment in electricity generation: Why policy needs to look beyond costs. Energy Economics 32: 796–804. Houghton, T. 2010. Galvanising community-led responses to climate change. NESTA Policy Paper, London. Hult, G., R. Hurley, and G. Knight. 2004. Innovativeness: Its antecedents and impact on business performance. Industrial Marketing Management 33: 429–38. Innova Europe. 2011. Feasibility study on newforms of EU support to member states and regions to foster SME innovation capacity. Final Report. European Commission, Brussels. Jacobsson, S., and A. Johnson. 2000. The diffusion of renewable energy technology: An analytical framework and key issues for research. Energy Policy 28: 625–40. Lawson, C. 2007. Technology, technological determinism and the transformational model of technical activity. In Contributions to social ontology, ed. C. Lawson, J. Latsis, and N. Martins, 32–50. London: Routledge. Madrid-Guijarro, A., D. Garcia, and H. Van Auken. 2009. Barriers to innovation among spanish manufacturing SMEs. Journal of Small Business Management 47: 465–88. Martin, R. 2009. The recent evolution of regional disparities: A tale of boom and bust. In The Future of Regional Policy, ed. J. Tomaney, 13–24. London: The Smith Institute. McAdam, R., T. McConvery, and G. Armstrong. 2004. Barriers to innovation within small firms in a peripheral location. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research 10: 206–21. McGowan, F., and R. Sauter. 2005. Public opinion on energy research: A desk study for the research councils. EPSRC, Swindon. Available at www.epsrc.ac.uk Negro, S.M, F. Alkemade, and M.P. Hekkert. 2012. Why does renewable energy diffuse so slowly?A review of innovation system problems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16: 3836–46. NPP. 2012. The MicrE Project, online. The Northern Periphery Project, Copenhagen. Available at http://www.norther nperiphery.eu/en/projects/show/&tid=59 Paasi, A. 2008. Is the world more complex than our theories of it? TPSN and the perpetual challenge of conceptualisation. Environment and Planning D 26: 405–10. Painuly, J.P. 2001. Barriers to renewable energy penetration: A framework for analysis. Renewable, Energy 24: 73–89. Downloaded by [University of Ulster at Coleraine] at 01:52 20 May 2013 Encouraging technology transfer among SMEs 353 Pike, A., A. Rodr{\'i}guez-Pose, and J. Tomaney, eds. 2010. Handbook of local and regional development. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Porter, M.E. 1990. The competitive advantage of nations. Harvard Business Review 68: 73–93. Radas, S., and L. Bozic. 2009. The antecedents of SME innovativeness in an emerging transition economy. Technovation 29: 438–50. Rao, K.U., andV.V.N. Kishore. 2010.A review of technology diffusion models with special reference to renewable energy technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14: 1070–78. Renvall, J., H. Puhakka Tarvainen, V. Kuittinen, L. Okkenen, L. Rice, and A. Pappinen. 2010. Barriers of implementing renewable energy and energy efficiency in Northern Periphery, Paper presented atWorld Bioenergy 2010 Conference, 25–27 May 2010, Jonkoping, Sweden. Reynolds, J., and L. Hristov. 2009. Are there barriers to innovation in retailing? The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research 19: 317–30. Ribrant, J., and L.M. Bertling. 2007. Survey of failures in wind power systems with focus on Swedish wind power plants during 1997–2005. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 22, no. 1: 167–73. Richards, G., B. Noble, and K. Belcher. 2012. Barriers to renewable energy development: A case study of large-scale wind energy in Saskatchewan, Canada. Energy Policy 42: 691–98. Sovacool, B.K., A.L. D’Agostino, and M.J. Bambawale. 2011. The socio-technical barriers to solar home systems (SHS)in Papua New Guinea: ‘Choosing pigs, prostitutes, and poker chips over panels’. Energy Policy 39: 1532–42. Surry, D.W. 1997. Diffusion theory and instructional technology. Journal of Instructional Science and Technology 2, no. 1: 24–36. Sutton, J. 2002. Rich trades, scare capabilities: Industrial development revisited. Economic and Social Review 33, no. 1: 1–22. Traistaru-Siedschlag, I., G. Murphy, M. Schiffbauer, G. Petrakos, L. Resmini, C. Pitelis, G. Maier, et al. 2006. Dynamic growth regions, innovation and competitiveness in a knowledge based world economy: A survey of theory and empirical literature. Papers DYNREG01, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Dublin. Tsoutsos, T.D., andY.A. Stamboulis. 2005. The sustainable diffusion of renewable energy technologies as an example of an innovation-focused policy. Technovation 25: 753–61. UK-POST (Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology). 2007. Public opinion on electricity options. POSTnote No. 294, UK Parliament, London. Unruh, G.C. 2000. Understanding carbon lock in. Energy Policy 28: 817–30. Unruh, G.C. 2002. Escaping carbon lock in. Energy Policy 30: 317–25. Walker, G., P. Devine-Wright, and R. Evans. 2006. Embedding socio-technical innovation? Niche management and community-based localism in renewable energy policy in the UK. Paper presented at the Future of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Conference, 11–13 September 2006, University of Sussex, Brighton. Walker, G., P. Devine-Wright, S. Hunter, H. High, and B. Evans. 2010. Trust and community: Exploring the meaning, contexts and dynamics of community renewable energy. Energy Policy 38: 2655–63. Warren, C.R., C. Lumsden, S. O’Dowd, and R.V. Birnie. 2005. ‘Green on Green’: Public perceptions of wind power in Scotland and Ireland. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 48: 853–75. Watson, J., R. Sauter, B. Bahaj, P.A. James, L. Myers, and R.Wing. 2006. Unlocking the power house: Policy and system change for domestic micro generation in the UK. Science Policy Research Unit, Brighton. Wilkinson, R., and K. Pickett. 2009. The spirit level: Why more equal societies almost always do better. 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Encouraging Technology Transfer amongst SMEs in the Northern Periphery of Europe. / Ramsey, Elaine; Bond, Derek; Hanna, David; Gallagher, Emer.

In: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, Vol. 25, No. 3, 03.2013, p. 341-353.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Encouraging Technology Transfer amongst SMEs in the Northern Periphery of Europe

AU - Ramsey, Elaine

AU - Bond, Derek

AU - Hanna, David

AU - Gallagher, Emer

N1 - Reference text: Aitken, M. 2010. Why we still don’t understand the social aspects of wind power: A critique of key assumptions within the literature. Energy Policy 38: 1834–41. Barry, J., G. Ellis, and C. Robinson. 2008. Cool rationalities and hot air: A rhetorical approach to understanding debates on renewable energy. Global Environmental Politics 8, no. 2: 67–98. Bell, D., T. Gray, and C. Haggett. 2005. The ‘Social Gap’in wind farm siting decisions: Explanations and policy responses. Environmental Politics 14: 460–77. Brey, P. 1997. Philosophy of technology meets social constructivism. Journal of the Society for Philosophy and Technology 2, nos. 3/4: 56–79. Chandler, D. 1996. Shaping and being shaped: The tone of technological determinism. Computer Mediated Communication Magazine, 1 February 1996. 3, no. 2.Available at: http://www.december.com/cmc/mag/1996/feb/chandler.html (accessed January 30, 2013). Downloaded by [University of Ulster at Coleraine] at 01:52 20 May 2013 352 E. Ramsey et al. Christensen, C. 1997. Innovators’ dilemma. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Cochrane, J.H. 2011. How did Paul Krugman get it so wrong? Economic Affairs 31, no. 2: 36–40. Crescenzi, R., and A. Rodríguez-Pose. 2011. Reconciling top-down and bottom-up development policies.Working paper 2011-03, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales, Madrid. Devine-Wright, P. 2007. Reconsidering public attitudes and public acceptance of renewable energy technologies:Acritical review.Working paper 1.4.Available atwww.sed.manchester.ac.uk/research/beyond_nimbyism/ deliverables/outputs. htm Dunning, J., and A. Turner. 2005. Community-owned wind farms – aspirations, suspicions and reality. Power UK 131: 42–45. Ellis, G., J. Barry, and C. Robinson. 2007. Many ways to say ‘no’, different ways to say ‘yes’: Applying Q-methodology to understand public acceptance of wind farm proposals. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 50: 517–51. Eltham, D., G. Harrison, and S. Allen. 2008. Change in public attitudes towards a Cornish wind farm: Implications for planning. Energy Policy 36: 23–33. Etzkowitz, H. 1997. The Triple Helix: academy–industry–governement relations and the growth of neo-corporatist industrial policy in the U.S. In Managing technological knowledge transfer, ed. S. Campodall’Orto. EC Social Sciences COST A3, Vol. 4, 1–20. Brussels: EC Directorate General, Science, Research and Development. European Commission. 2007. Competitive European regions through research and innovation: A contribution to more growth and more and better jobs. Com (2007) 474. Brussels: European Commission. Eurostat. 2011a.Total intramuralR&Dexpenditure (GERD), byNUTS2 region. [csv] Luxemburg: European Commission. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=1&language=en&pcode=tgs00042 Eurostat, 2011b. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D. [csv] Luxemburg: European Commission. Available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/table.do?tab=table&init=1&plugin=1&language=en&pcode=tsiir020 Farole, T., A. Rodríguez-Pose, and M. Storper. 2011. Cohesion policy in the European Union: growth, geography, institutions. Journal of Common Market Studies 49: 1089–111. Geoghegan-Quinn, M. 2011. Innovation for stronger regions: Opportunities in FP7. Address to the EU Committee of the Regions, 14 July 2011, online: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=SPEECH/11/525&type= HTML Graff, H. 1987. The labyrinths of literacy: Reflections on literacy past and present. London: Falmer Press. Gross, R.,W. Blyth, and P. Heptonstall. 2010. Risks, revenues and investment in electricity generation: Why policy needs to look beyond costs. Energy Economics 32: 796–804. Houghton, T. 2010. Galvanising community-led responses to climate change. NESTA Policy Paper, London. Hult, G., R. Hurley, and G. Knight. 2004. Innovativeness: Its antecedents and impact on business performance. Industrial Marketing Management 33: 429–38. Innova Europe. 2011. Feasibility study on newforms of EU support to member states and regions to foster SME innovation capacity. Final Report. European Commission, Brussels. Jacobsson, S., and A. Johnson. 2000. The diffusion of renewable energy technology: An analytical framework and key issues for research. Energy Policy 28: 625–40. Lawson, C. 2007. Technology, technological determinism and the transformational model of technical activity. In Contributions to social ontology, ed. C. Lawson, J. Latsis, and N. Martins, 32–50. London: Routledge. Madrid-Guijarro, A., D. Garcia, and H. Van Auken. 2009. Barriers to innovation among spanish manufacturing SMEs. Journal of Small Business Management 47: 465–88. Martin, R. 2009. The recent evolution of regional disparities: A tale of boom and bust. In The Future of Regional Policy, ed. J. Tomaney, 13–24. London: The Smith Institute. McAdam, R., T. McConvery, and G. Armstrong. 2004. Barriers to innovation within small firms in a peripheral location. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research 10: 206–21. McGowan, F., and R. Sauter. 2005. Public opinion on energy research: A desk study for the research councils. EPSRC, Swindon. Available at www.epsrc.ac.uk Negro, S.M, F. Alkemade, and M.P. Hekkert. 2012. Why does renewable energy diffuse so slowly?A review of innovation system problems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16: 3836–46. NPP. 2012. The MicrE Project, online. The Northern Periphery Project, Copenhagen. Available at http://www.norther nperiphery.eu/en/projects/show/&tid=59 Paasi, A. 2008. Is the world more complex than our theories of it? TPSN and the perpetual challenge of conceptualisation. Environment and Planning D 26: 405–10. Painuly, J.P. 2001. Barriers to renewable energy penetration: A framework for analysis. Renewable, Energy 24: 73–89. Downloaded by [University of Ulster at Coleraine] at 01:52 20 May 2013 Encouraging technology transfer among SMEs 353 Pike, A., A. Rodríguez-Pose, and J. Tomaney, eds. 2010. Handbook of local and regional development. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Porter, M.E. 1990. The competitive advantage of nations. Harvard Business Review 68: 73–93. Radas, S., and L. Bozic. 2009. The antecedents of SME innovativeness in an emerging transition economy. Technovation 29: 438–50. Rao, K.U., andV.V.N. Kishore. 2010.A review of technology diffusion models with special reference to renewable energy technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14: 1070–78. Renvall, J., H. Puhakka Tarvainen, V. Kuittinen, L. Okkenen, L. Rice, and A. Pappinen. 2010. Barriers of implementing renewable energy and energy efficiency in Northern Periphery, Paper presented atWorld Bioenergy 2010 Conference, 25–27 May 2010, Jonkoping, Sweden. Reynolds, J., and L. Hristov. 2009. Are there barriers to innovation in retailing? The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research 19: 317–30. Ribrant, J., and L.M. Bertling. 2007. Survey of failures in wind power systems with focus on Swedish wind power plants during 1997–2005. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion 22, no. 1: 167–73. Richards, G., B. Noble, and K. Belcher. 2012. Barriers to renewable energy development: A case study of large-scale wind energy in Saskatchewan, Canada. Energy Policy 42: 691–98. Sovacool, B.K., A.L. D’Agostino, and M.J. Bambawale. 2011. The socio-technical barriers to solar home systems (SHS)in Papua New Guinea: ‘Choosing pigs, prostitutes, and poker chips over panels’. Energy Policy 39: 1532–42. Surry, D.W. 1997. Diffusion theory and instructional technology. Journal of Instructional Science and Technology 2, no. 1: 24–36. Sutton, J. 2002. Rich trades, scare capabilities: Industrial development revisited. Economic and Social Review 33, no. 1: 1–22. Traistaru-Siedschlag, I., G. Murphy, M. Schiffbauer, G. Petrakos, L. Resmini, C. Pitelis, G. Maier, et al. 2006. Dynamic growth regions, innovation and competitiveness in a knowledge based world economy: A survey of theory and empirical literature. Papers DYNREG01, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Dublin. Tsoutsos, T.D., andY.A. Stamboulis. 2005. The sustainable diffusion of renewable energy technologies as an example of an innovation-focused policy. Technovation 25: 753–61. UK-POST (Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology). 2007. Public opinion on electricity options. POSTnote No. 294, UK Parliament, London. Unruh, G.C. 2000. Understanding carbon lock in. Energy Policy 28: 817–30. Unruh, G.C. 2002. Escaping carbon lock in. Energy Policy 30: 317–25. Walker, G., P. Devine-Wright, and R. Evans. 2006. Embedding socio-technical innovation? Niche management and community-based localism in renewable energy policy in the UK. Paper presented at the Future of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Conference, 11–13 September 2006, University of Sussex, Brighton. Walker, G., P. Devine-Wright, S. Hunter, H. High, and B. Evans. 2010. Trust and community: Exploring the meaning, contexts and dynamics of community renewable energy. Energy Policy 38: 2655–63. Warren, C.R., C. Lumsden, S. O’Dowd, and R.V. Birnie. 2005. ‘Green on Green’: Public perceptions of wind power in Scotland and Ireland. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 48: 853–75. Watson, J., R. Sauter, B. Bahaj, P.A. James, L. Myers, and R.Wing. 2006. Unlocking the power house: Policy and system change for domestic micro generation in the UK. Science Policy Research Unit, Brighton. Wilkinson, R., and K. Pickett. 2009. The spirit level: Why more equal societies almost always do better. London: Allen Lane. Wustenhagen, R., M.Wolsink, and M.J. Burer. 2007. Social acceptance of renewable energy innovation: An introduction to the concept. Energy Policy 35: 2683–91. Downloaded by

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N2 - Central to the EU regional development strategy is the idea that cohesion funding will allow lagging regions to develop their capacity so that they can develop their R&D to levels that can be funded by Framework. Using a European funded (ERDF) NPP project – MicrE as a case study, this paper considers how, through a transnational programme, this might work in practice. MicrE's main aim was to provide a service to develop and promote innovative small-scale renewable energy solutions for rural small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the northern periphery of Europe. Concentrating on Northern Ireland, this paper provides a micro and macro-level assessment of the key challenges associated with adopting renewable energy technologies by SMEs; and the future development of public policy aimed at developing SME capacity by encouraging knowledge transfer and supporting their R&D efforts.

AB - Central to the EU regional development strategy is the idea that cohesion funding will allow lagging regions to develop their capacity so that they can develop their R&D to levels that can be funded by Framework. Using a European funded (ERDF) NPP project – MicrE as a case study, this paper considers how, through a transnational programme, this might work in practice. MicrE's main aim was to provide a service to develop and promote innovative small-scale renewable energy solutions for rural small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the northern periphery of Europe. Concentrating on Northern Ireland, this paper provides a micro and macro-level assessment of the key challenges associated with adopting renewable energy technologies by SMEs; and the future development of public policy aimed at developing SME capacity by encouraging knowledge transfer and supporting their R&D efforts.

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