Emmetropisation in human infancy: rate of change is related to initial refractive error.

Kathryn Saunders, J M Woodhouse, C A Westall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Animal studies show that the rate of recovery from experimentally induced refractive errors is related to the level of ametropia induced. The present study examined the rate of emmetropisation occurring in a sample of 22 human infants refracted by near retinoscopy during the first six months of life and then again between 12 and 17 months old. None of the subjects were myopic. Regression analysis revealed that emmetropisation occurred more rapidly in the presence of high refractive errors (P <0.005 and P = 0.001 for hyperopia and astigmatism respectively). These data confirm the findings of the animal studies and suggest that non-reducing hyperopia and astigmatism in the second year of life may require correction.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1325-8
JournalVision Research
Volume35
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Refractive Errors
Hyperopia
Astigmatism
Retinoscopy
Regression Analysis

Cite this

@article{624dc312248344bcb54e9f1ce978da04,
title = "Emmetropisation in human infancy: rate of change is related to initial refractive error.",
abstract = "Animal studies show that the rate of recovery from experimentally induced refractive errors is related to the level of ametropia induced. The present study examined the rate of emmetropisation occurring in a sample of 22 human infants refracted by near retinoscopy during the first six months of life and then again between 12 and 17 months old. None of the subjects were myopic. Regression analysis revealed that emmetropisation occurred more rapidly in the presence of high refractive errors (P <0.005 and P = 0.001 for hyperopia and astigmatism respectively). These data confirm the findings of the animal studies and suggest that non-reducing hyperopia and astigmatism in the second year of life may require correction.",
author = "Kathryn Saunders and Woodhouse, {J M} and Westall, {C A}",
year = "1995",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "1325--8",
journal = "Vision Research",
issn = "0042-6989",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "9",

}

Emmetropisation in human infancy: rate of change is related to initial refractive error. / Saunders, Kathryn; Woodhouse, J M; Westall, C A.

In: Vision Research, Vol. 35, No. 9, 1995, p. 1325-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emmetropisation in human infancy: rate of change is related to initial refractive error.

AU - Saunders, Kathryn

AU - Woodhouse, J M

AU - Westall, C A

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Animal studies show that the rate of recovery from experimentally induced refractive errors is related to the level of ametropia induced. The present study examined the rate of emmetropisation occurring in a sample of 22 human infants refracted by near retinoscopy during the first six months of life and then again between 12 and 17 months old. None of the subjects were myopic. Regression analysis revealed that emmetropisation occurred more rapidly in the presence of high refractive errors (P <0.005 and P = 0.001 for hyperopia and astigmatism respectively). These data confirm the findings of the animal studies and suggest that non-reducing hyperopia and astigmatism in the second year of life may require correction.

AB - Animal studies show that the rate of recovery from experimentally induced refractive errors is related to the level of ametropia induced. The present study examined the rate of emmetropisation occurring in a sample of 22 human infants refracted by near retinoscopy during the first six months of life and then again between 12 and 17 months old. None of the subjects were myopic. Regression analysis revealed that emmetropisation occurred more rapidly in the presence of high refractive errors (P <0.005 and P = 0.001 for hyperopia and astigmatism respectively). These data confirm the findings of the animal studies and suggest that non-reducing hyperopia and astigmatism in the second year of life may require correction.

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 1325

EP - 1328

JO - Vision Research

T2 - Vision Research

JF - Vision Research

SN - 0042-6989

IS - 9

ER -