Elevation changes of Greenland’s peripheral glaciers from 1985 to 2010/14

Jacqueline Huber, Robert McNabb, Michael Zemp

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Greenland’s peripheral glaciers play a crucial role in a changing climate and related sea-level rise. However, the recent evolution of the ice volume along Greenland’s periphery is still poorly understood. The restricted number of geodetic glacier thickness changes on Greenland is probably related to the absence of digital elevation models (DEM) of sufficient accuracy. The AeroDEM representing the surface in the 1970s-80s and the recently released high resolution TanDEM-X DEM (representing 2010-2014) have potential to provide geodetic volume change estimates of many glaciers in Polar Regions. Using these two DEMs, we were able to calculate glacier-specific elevation changes of approximately 1’400 glaciers in West-central Greenland. To appropriately deal with data voids and artifacts occurring in the AeroDEM, we applied a void-filling method that considers the hypsometry of the individual glaciers.

Based on the preliminary results, we expect the mean elevation change to be approximately -0.5 m per year from 1985-2010/14, resulting in a sea-level contribution of approximately 39 Gt for the full observation period. A previous ICESat study calculated a mean elevation change of -0.28 m per year from 2003-2008 for West-central Greenland. Here, we discuss the reasons for these significant differences. Additionally, our analysis includes a sound uncertainty assessment considering different sources of random and systematic errors. This study contributes to improve current estimates of glacier ice loss and corresponding contributions to global sea level.

Conference

ConferenceEuropean Geosciences Union General Assembly
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period7/04/1912/04/19

Fingerprint

glacier
digital elevation model
void
TanDEM-X
hypsometry
sea level
ICESat
ice
volume change
polar region
artifact
climate

Cite this

Huber, J., McNabb, R., & Zemp, M. (2019). Elevation changes of Greenland’s peripheral glaciers from 1985 to 2010/14. Abstract from European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria.
Huber, Jacqueline ; McNabb, Robert ; Zemp, Michael. / Elevation changes of Greenland’s peripheral glaciers from 1985 to 2010/14. Abstract from European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria.
@conference{b25558593ebb40d988d5da676aa3edf8,
title = "Elevation changes of Greenland’s peripheral glaciers from 1985 to 2010/14",
abstract = "Greenland’s peripheral glaciers play a crucial role in a changing climate and related sea-level rise. However, the recent evolution of the ice volume along Greenland’s periphery is still poorly understood. The restricted number of geodetic glacier thickness changes on Greenland is probably related to the absence of digital elevation models (DEM) of sufficient accuracy. The AeroDEM representing the surface in the 1970s-80s and the recently released high resolution TanDEM-X DEM (representing 2010-2014) have potential to provide geodetic volume change estimates of many glaciers in Polar Regions. Using these two DEMs, we were able to calculate glacier-specific elevation changes of approximately 1’400 glaciers in West-central Greenland. To appropriately deal with data voids and artifacts occurring in the AeroDEM, we applied a void-filling method that considers the hypsometry of the individual glaciers.Based on the preliminary results, we expect the mean elevation change to be approximately -0.5 m per year from 1985-2010/14, resulting in a sea-level contribution of approximately 39 Gt for the full observation period. A previous ICESat study calculated a mean elevation change of -0.28 m per year from 2003-2008 for West-central Greenland. Here, we discuss the reasons for these significant differences. Additionally, our analysis includes a sound uncertainty assessment considering different sources of random and systematic errors. This study contributes to improve current estimates of glacier ice loss and corresponding contributions to global sea level.",
author = "Jacqueline Huber and Robert McNabb and Michael Zemp",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "8",
language = "English",
note = "European Geosciences Union General Assembly ; Conference date: 07-04-2019 Through 12-04-2019",

}

Huber, J, McNabb, R & Zemp, M 2019, 'Elevation changes of Greenland’s peripheral glaciers from 1985 to 2010/14' European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria, 7/04/19 - 12/04/19, .

Elevation changes of Greenland’s peripheral glaciers from 1985 to 2010/14. / Huber, Jacqueline; McNabb, Robert; Zemp, Michael.

2019. Abstract from European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

TY - CONF

T1 - Elevation changes of Greenland’s peripheral glaciers from 1985 to 2010/14

AU - Huber, Jacqueline

AU - McNabb, Robert

AU - Zemp, Michael

PY - 2019/4/8

Y1 - 2019/4/8

N2 - Greenland’s peripheral glaciers play a crucial role in a changing climate and related sea-level rise. However, the recent evolution of the ice volume along Greenland’s periphery is still poorly understood. The restricted number of geodetic glacier thickness changes on Greenland is probably related to the absence of digital elevation models (DEM) of sufficient accuracy. The AeroDEM representing the surface in the 1970s-80s and the recently released high resolution TanDEM-X DEM (representing 2010-2014) have potential to provide geodetic volume change estimates of many glaciers in Polar Regions. Using these two DEMs, we were able to calculate glacier-specific elevation changes of approximately 1’400 glaciers in West-central Greenland. To appropriately deal with data voids and artifacts occurring in the AeroDEM, we applied a void-filling method that considers the hypsometry of the individual glaciers.Based on the preliminary results, we expect the mean elevation change to be approximately -0.5 m per year from 1985-2010/14, resulting in a sea-level contribution of approximately 39 Gt for the full observation period. A previous ICESat study calculated a mean elevation change of -0.28 m per year from 2003-2008 for West-central Greenland. Here, we discuss the reasons for these significant differences. Additionally, our analysis includes a sound uncertainty assessment considering different sources of random and systematic errors. This study contributes to improve current estimates of glacier ice loss and corresponding contributions to global sea level.

AB - Greenland’s peripheral glaciers play a crucial role in a changing climate and related sea-level rise. However, the recent evolution of the ice volume along Greenland’s periphery is still poorly understood. The restricted number of geodetic glacier thickness changes on Greenland is probably related to the absence of digital elevation models (DEM) of sufficient accuracy. The AeroDEM representing the surface in the 1970s-80s and the recently released high resolution TanDEM-X DEM (representing 2010-2014) have potential to provide geodetic volume change estimates of many glaciers in Polar Regions. Using these two DEMs, we were able to calculate glacier-specific elevation changes of approximately 1’400 glaciers in West-central Greenland. To appropriately deal with data voids and artifacts occurring in the AeroDEM, we applied a void-filling method that considers the hypsometry of the individual glaciers.Based on the preliminary results, we expect the mean elevation change to be approximately -0.5 m per year from 1985-2010/14, resulting in a sea-level contribution of approximately 39 Gt for the full observation period. A previous ICESat study calculated a mean elevation change of -0.28 m per year from 2003-2008 for West-central Greenland. Here, we discuss the reasons for these significant differences. Additionally, our analysis includes a sound uncertainty assessment considering different sources of random and systematic errors. This study contributes to improve current estimates of glacier ice loss and corresponding contributions to global sea level.

UR - https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2019/sessionprogramme

M3 - Abstract

ER -

Huber J, McNabb R, Zemp M. Elevation changes of Greenland’s peripheral glaciers from 1985 to 2010/14. 2019. Abstract from European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria.