Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on perceived stress levels of employees working in private organizations during lockdown

Arfa Maqsood, Javeria Saleem, Muhammad Salman Butt, Ruhma Binte Shahzad, Raja Zubair, Muhammad Ishaq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Worldwide, office employees have experienced two novel phenomena during the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown: working from home and reductions in their salaries. These phenomena have majorly impacted the lives of individuals as well as their families. The present study aims to measure the perceived stress levels among employees during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in Pakistan.

Methodology: A cross-sectional approach was used to collect data from a sample of 385 employees working in three different IT-oriented private organizations. A semi-structured, Likert-scale questionnaire was used, containing the 10-item inventory from the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). A sociodemographic profile, working parameters, and frequency of PSS inventory were presented in the descriptive analysis. Binary logistic regression analysis was made to compare the stress levels of the two groups resulting from their workloads and reductions in salary.

Results: An elevated perceived stress level (50.9%) was observed among the employees, showing a significant relationship with salary reduction and home work engagement (p<0.005). A strong negative correlation was observed (-0.860) for the salary reduction with PSS.

Conclusion: Working from home and reductions in salary caused increased perceived stress levels of the employees working in private organizations. Salary reductions proved to be a strong stressor, causing economic disruption and inability to cope with financial burdens during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 10 Sept 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on perceived stress levels of employees working in private organizations during lockdown'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this