Effects of nondigestible oligosaccharides on Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium and nonpathogenic Escherichia coli in the pig small intestine in vitro

Patrick Naughton, LL Mikkelsen, BB Jensen

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49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An in vitro intestinal tissue model was developed for the investigation of bacterial association in the pig small intestine under different dietary regimes. In preliminary experiments, jejunal and ileal tissue was taken from Danish Landrace pigs fed standard diet and inoculated with either Salmonella or nonpathogenic Escherichia coli strains. Higher numbers of salmonellae associated with the ileal tissues, but the numbers did not reach significance. Hence, jejunal sections were inoculated with nonpathogenic E. coli and ileal sections were inoculated with salmonellae in the presence of mannose or commercial nondigestible oligosaccharides (NDO) at 2.5%. There was a significant decrease in E. coli associated with the jejunum in the presence of mannose (P < 0.05). Furthermore, in pigs fed a diet supplemented with commercial NDO at 4% there was a significant reduction in the numbers of E. coli in jejunal organ cultures of pigs fed the FOS diet (P < 0.05). There was a reduction, though not a significant one, in the association of Salmonella sp. to the ileal sections of pigs fed the commercial FOS diet. The feeding of commercial GOS or its addition to organ cultures did not affect E. coli or Salmonella numbers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3391-3395
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume67
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2001

Keywords

  • Non-digestible oligosaccharides
  • Pig
  • Salmonella

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