Effects of gastric inhibitory polypeptide, vasoactive intestinal polypeptides and peptide histidine isoleucine on the secretion of hormones by isolated mouse pancreatic islets

C. J. Bailey, L. C. Wilkes, J. M. Conlon, P. H. Armstrong, K. D. Buchanan

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The release of insulin, glucagon, somatostatin and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) by isolated mouse pancreatic islets was determined during 30-min incubations at 5.6 and 16.7 mmol glucose/l in the absence and presence of gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and peptide histidine isoleucine (PHI) at concentrations of 1-1000 nmol/l. Insulin release was enhanced (> 50%) by GIP (100-1000 nmol/l) and VIP (1 μmol/l) at 5.6 mmol glucose/l, but not at 16.7 mmol glucose/l. Glucagon release was increased by GIP (100-1000 nmol/l), and by VIP and PHI (1-1000 nmol/l) at both glucose concentrations in a dose-related manner (maximum increases > tenfold). Somatostatin release was similarly increased by GIP (10-1000 nmol) at both glucose concentrations. Only the highest concentration (1 μmol/l) of PHI tested increased somatostatin release (twofold) at 5.6 mmol glucose/l, whereas PHI and VIP (1-1000 nmol/l) reduced (> 37%) somatostatin release at 16.7 mmol glucose/l. PP release was increased (49-58%) by 100-1000 nmol GIP/l, but was not significantly altered by VIP, and was reduced (39-56%) by PHI. The results indicate that GIP, VIP and PHI each stimulate glucagon release in a dose-related manner, but they exert discretely different effects on other islet hormones depending upon the dose and the prevailing glucose concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-379
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume125
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1990

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