The aim of this study was to investigate how dietary lactose, compared with sucrose, in association with copper deficiency influences the antioxidant and copper status in the diabetic rat. Two groups of male rats (n = 12) were fed copper-deficient diets containing either 300 g/kg of sucrose or 300 g/kg of lactose in a pair-feeding regime for 35 days. Six rats from each group were injected with streptozotocin to induce diabetes. After a further 16 days the animals were killed and the liver, heart, and kidney removed for the measurement of copper levels and the activities of antioxidant and related enzymes. Diabetes resulted in higher hepatic and renal copper levels compared with controls. The copper content of the heart and kidney in diabetic rats consuming sucrose was also significantly higher than in those consuming lactose. Catalase activity in the liver, heart, and kidney was significantly increased in diabetic rats compared with controls. Hepatic glutathione S-transferase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and cardiac copper zinc superoxide dismutase activities were also higher in diabetes. Sucrose, compared with lactose feeding, resulted in higher cytochrome c oxidase and glutathione peroxidase activities in rite kidney while glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity was lower. The combination of lactose feeding and diabetes resulted in significantly higher activities of cardiac managanese superoxide dismutase and catalase and renal manganese superoxide dismutase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. These results suggest that sucrose consumption compared with lactose appears to be associated with increased organ copper content and in general decreased antioxidant enzyme activities in copper-deficient diabetic rats.
|Journal||Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1995|