Effects of Ascorbic Acid, Dehydroascorbic Acid and Methotrexate on Breast Cancer Cell Viability

Yewande Dosunmu, Richard Owusu-Apenten

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Abstract

Aims: To examine the effects of ascorbic acid (AA), dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) and methotrexate(MTX) combined treatments on (MDA-MB-231) breast cancer cell viability and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS).Study Design: In-vitro method.Place and Duration of Study: Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, University of Ulster, Coleraine, BT52 1SA, United Kingdom. September 2016-2017Methodology: Cytotoxicity tests were performed with MTX (0.01- 1000 µmol/l) alone or in combination with AA or DHA, for 72 h. Cell viability was measured by 3-4,5 dimethylthiazol-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) or Sulforhodamine B (SRB) assays. Intracellular ROS was measured by 2’,7’-dichlorofluroscein diacetate assay.Results: Treatments of MDA-MB231 cells with single agents, showed dose dependent response with 50% inhibition of cell viability (IC50) of 110.5-201.4 µmol/l (MTX), 2237-5703 µmol/l (AA) or 2474 µmol/l (DHA). Combination studies showed clear synergisms for MTX (~10 µmol/l) and DHA or AA (1100 µmol/l) but weak or no interactions at other concentrations. Three days combination treatment of DHA showed decrease of ROS, which was reversed by MTX (>10 µmol/l).Conclusions: Co-treatment of methotrexate with AA or DHA showed synergism (C1
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Life Sciences International
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Ascorbic acid
  • dehydroascorbic acid
  • methotrexate
  • breast cancer
  • MDA-MB-231 cells
  • Reactive oxygen species. Intracellular oxidative stress

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