Effects of accelerometer coupling on step counting accuracy in healthy older adults

Ian Cleland, CD Nugent, D Finlay, WP Burns, Jennifer Bougourd, Katy Stevens, Roger Armitage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Motion artefact and signal noise represent challenges when sensor technology is incorporated within clothing. The aim of this study is to assess the effect that device/body coupling has on an accelerometer’s ability to function accurately as a step counter. Data were recorded from 12 subjects (male n = 6) as they walked on a motorised treadmill at speeds of 0.89 m/s and 1.34 m/s. Each subject wore three accelerometers attached directly to the skin. These were located at the sternum, lower back and waist. Three further accelerometers were placed in a harness structure that was worn by the subject. These were located in the same positions as the skin attached accelerometers (sternum, lower back and waist). Increased noise was evident in the signals obtained from accelerometers positioned within the harness. This was evident in an increased peak amplitude and resonance at roughly the same time each heel strike occurred. The signal to noise ratio (SNR) at the waist was significantly lower than that at the sternum (p <0.001) and lower back (p <0.001). The method of sensor attachment (skin versus harness) had no significant effect on the accuracy of step count obtained from devices at the sternum (p = 0.962), waist (p = 0.894) or lower back (p = 0.729). This study has shown that accelerometer coupling has no significant effect on step count accuracy. Nevertheless, walking represents only a small part of normal daily physical activity. Further investigation is required to assess the effect of accelerometer /body coupling under free living conditions.
LanguageEnglish
Pages259-270
JournalHealth and Technology
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Sternum
Accelerometers
Skin
Equipment and Supplies
Clothing
Heel
Social Conditions
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Artifacts
Walking
Noise
Exercise equipment
Technology
Sensors
Signal to noise ratio
Wear of materials

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • Smart garments
  • Step counting
  • Wearable technology

Cite this

Cleland, Ian ; Nugent, CD ; Finlay, D ; Burns, WP ; Bougourd, Jennifer ; Stevens, Katy ; Armitage, Roger. / Effects of accelerometer coupling on step counting accuracy in healthy older adults. 2012 ; Vol. 2, No. 4. pp. 259-270.
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Effects of accelerometer coupling on step counting accuracy in healthy older adults. / Cleland, Ian; Nugent, CD; Finlay, D; Burns, WP; Bougourd, Jennifer; Stevens, Katy; Armitage, Roger.

Vol. 2, No. 4, 2012, p. 259-270.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of accelerometer coupling on step counting accuracy in healthy older adults

AU - Cleland, Ian

AU - Nugent, CD

AU - Finlay, D

AU - Burns, WP

AU - Bougourd, Jennifer

AU - Stevens, Katy

AU - Armitage, Roger

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N2 - Motion artefact and signal noise represent challenges when sensor technology is incorporated within clothing. The aim of this study is to assess the effect that device/body coupling has on an accelerometer’s ability to function accurately as a step counter. Data were recorded from 12 subjects (male n = 6) as they walked on a motorised treadmill at speeds of 0.89 m/s and 1.34 m/s. Each subject wore three accelerometers attached directly to the skin. These were located at the sternum, lower back and waist. Three further accelerometers were placed in a harness structure that was worn by the subject. These were located in the same positions as the skin attached accelerometers (sternum, lower back and waist). Increased noise was evident in the signals obtained from accelerometers positioned within the harness. This was evident in an increased peak amplitude and resonance at roughly the same time each heel strike occurred. The signal to noise ratio (SNR) at the waist was significantly lower than that at the sternum (p <0.001) and lower back (p <0.001). The method of sensor attachment (skin versus harness) had no significant effect on the accuracy of step count obtained from devices at the sternum (p = 0.962), waist (p = 0.894) or lower back (p = 0.729). This study has shown that accelerometer coupling has no significant effect on step count accuracy. Nevertheless, walking represents only a small part of normal daily physical activity. Further investigation is required to assess the effect of accelerometer /body coupling under free living conditions.

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